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瓦楞钢板厚度百科

不锈钢板厚度标准

2019-03-15 09:13:19

不锈钢板厚度标准通用尺寸:1000*2000、1219*2438、1500*6000、1800*6000 普通定尺:1000*定尺、1219*定尺、1500*定尺、1800*定尺 任意定尺(一般价格会较高) 以上单位均为mm 不锈钢板厚度材质: 1:200系列(铬-镍-锰 奥氏体不锈钢)主要有:201、202 2:300系列(铬-镍奥氏体不锈钢)主要有:301、302、303、303CU、304、304L、304F、304H、310、310S、314、314L、316、316L/321 不锈钢板面宽度:1000mm、1220mm、1250mm、1500mm、1800mm、2000mm 不锈钢板厚度 :0.1、0.2/0.3/0.5/0.6/0.7/0.8/0.9/1.0/1.5、2.0/2.5/3.0/4.0/5.0/6.0/8.0/9/10/12/16/18/20/22/25/30mm 不锈钢板理论重量计算公式:长*宽*厚度*密度=重量/公斤 不锈钢管计算公式:直径-壁厚*壁厚*0.02491=1米重量/公斤不锈钢板厚度标准@不锈钢板标准厚度 冷轧部:不锈钢板冷轧2B(卷板、卷带、平板) 特色板:3. 5mm—6mm 304/2B,316L/2B 厚度:冷

铝塑板厚度

2017-06-06 17:50:11

铝塑板厚度:复合板是由内外两面铝合金板、低密度聚乙烯芯层与粘合剂复合为一体的一种新型 金属 塑料复合墙面装饰材料,由于其具有防火、耐酸、耐冲击、可弯曲、可钉刨、施工简便、易清洗等特点,具有很强的抗风、抗弯强度以及良好的隔音、隔热性能。铝塑复合板是一种新型的生态环境建筑材料,广泛应用于建筑幕墙、室内装修、广告宣传、汽车装饰、家具制造等领域,被建筑师们称为继石材(陶瓷、砖)、玻璃之后的第三代幕墙材料。  铝塑复合板在我国的生产始于20世纪90年代,经过近10年的发展,已在 市场 认知度、 产量 、品种、工艺、质量、标准、应用等各方面都取得了显著进步。据不完全统计,自1998年以来,铝塑复合板年 产量 以近30%的速度增长。到2002年,铝塑复合板年 产量 已超过5000万平米,年产值超过100亿元人民币,并已形成一定规模的出口能力。可以说,铝塑复合板已经作为一个 产业 在中国蓬勃发展。  铝塑板厚度大致可分室外、室内用两种,再可分为防火型和一般型。现在 市场 大量销售的均为一般型。室外用铝塑复合板上下均为0.5mm铝板(一般为纯铝板),中间夹层为PE(聚乙稀)或PVC(聚氯乙烯),夹层厚度为3-5mm。防火型铝塑复合板中间夹层为FR(防火塑胶)。室外用复合铝塑板厚度为4-6mm。室内用铝塑板上下面一般为0.2-0.25mm铝板,夹层厚度为2.5-3mm,室内用铝塑板厚度为3-4mm。铝塑板产品标准规格一般为1220(宽)x2440(长)x厚度,宽度也可以达到1250或1500mm。室外常采用厚度最薄应为4mm,室内采用厚度应力为3mm。 

瓦楞铝板

2018-12-28 11:21:19

瓦楞铝板又称为压型铝板,波形铝板或铝瓦。是建筑常用的产品之一,目前有替代不锈钢以及铁板的趋势。 首先,由于铝的密度只有2.71而铁的密度达到7.8,所以每平方铝瓦的重量不足不锈钢的1/3、很好的减轻企业成本,并且能减轻支架的压力。   其次:铝具有良好的防锈效果,在外界坏境中,雨水,暴晒,大雪对于铝几乎没有什么损坏,并像铁皮那样,见到雨水以后就快速生锈, 由以上两点可以看出,铝瓦在很大程度上能完全替代不锈钢材料,同时造价更低,是建筑行业首选的材料。   瓦楞复合铝板是一种新型的复合铝板幕墙材料使用面板0.6-0.8mm底板0.4mm中间0.2mm瓦楞铝板符合粘接而成,在瓦楞芯材表面涂刷热固化性环氧树脂粘合剂,加热加压复合而成的铝板产品,其复合方式类似于瓦楞纸箱板的形式。

铜箔厚度

2017-06-06 17:50:06

铜箔厚度的计算印刷电路板的铜箔厚度关系到阻抗值的变化,有了正确的铜箔厚度在ALLEGRO的CROSS SECTION 栏位上,正确的计算印刷电路板上每一根绕线的阻抗值(或宽度)而在许多的设计手册上经常发现以盎司(oz)为单位来建议铜箔的使用,究竟一盎司铜箔应该在allegro的cross section栏位上表现多少的厚度?请看下面说明:1定义:一盎司铜箔 是指一平方英尺铺上重量一盎司的铜。意即为1oz/ft2。2单位换算:一盎司=0.0625磅一磅=454公克一英尺=12英尺一英尺=2.54公分铜比重(密度)=8.93(G/CM3)3计算:1oz铜箔=28.4g(约=1*0.0625*454)1英寸=1*(12*2.54)方=1*30.48方=929.03(平方厘米)重量=体积*密度=面积*高度*密度28.4克=929.03*高度*8.93高度=0.0034里面(约)=1.3(mil)--一盎司铜箔厚度

铝板厚度

2017-06-06 17:50:09

铝板厚度:(冷轧 热轧)材质1系3系5系6系7系8系 模具铝板厚度 0.1mm---260mm宽度 800mm----1900mm铝板,顾名思义是指用铝材或铝合金材料制成的板型材料。或者说是由扁铝胚经加热、轧延及拉直或固溶时效热等过程制造而成的板型铝制品。铝板的用途  1.照明灯饰2、太阳能反射片3、建筑外观4、室内装潢:天花板,墙面等5、家具、橱柜6、电梯7、标牌、铭牌、箱包8、汽车内外装饰9.室内装饰品:如相框10、家用电器:冰箱、微波炉、音响设备等11.航空航天以及军事方面,比如中国目前的大飞机制造,神舟飞船系列,卫星等方面。铝板的分类以及用途 根据合金元素含量不同铝板可以分为8个系列分别为 1***,2***,3***,4***.5***.6***.7***.8***   根据加工工艺不同又可分为冷轧和热轧。根据厚度不同可以分为薄板和中厚板。GB/T3880-2006标准中规定 厚度0.2毫米以下的称为铝箔。一般常常指单层铝板(也有叫单铝板或纯铝板),建筑上使用的铝板包括单层铝板、复合铝板等多种材料.多用于建筑装饰工程中,近年来在铝板幕墙中单层铝板使用的较为多见.铝板幕墙也是幕墙的一种形式,简单地说是用铝板代替玻璃制成幕墙,铝板幕墙多用于作墙体蔽护和不采光的墙壁.如广州世界贸易中心,就用了西南铝加工厂板材分厂加工好不同弧度的铝板近一百五十吨,表面采用静电喷涂. 为了加强铝板板面强度,国外的铝板幕墙一直选用单层铝板.单层铝板一般用纯铝板.铝板厚度为3mm.铝板的背面,必须安装加强筋(现有的厂家不安),加强筋用厚的铝带做成先用闪光焊机把一颗颗螺丝帽铝板焊在铝板背面然后把作加强筋的铝条钻孔套进螺丝内用螺丝固定.国为了减轻铝板重量增加铝板强度.采用铝合金板常选用21号防锈铝代号LF21压成的铝板作幕墙铝板.铝板厚度由原来3mm减少为2.5mm该合金强度比纯铝板高出一倍左右.铝带的宽度厚度根据铝板板面而定.加强筋用LF21铝带.一般厚2-2.5mm宽10-25mm.铝板幕墙的铝板背面为什么要安加强筋外界正负压力的情况下铝板一不会凹陷二不会鼓出.  这样就避免了铝板幕墙反复里外振动而发出的振动声音.如果需要隔音保温可在铝板内侧安放岩棉矿渣棉或发泡处理铝板,重庆西南铝深加工厂,国内第一家生产铝板幕墙的铝板厂家.该厂为军品厂家,生产的铝板宽度可达到2.8米.可分为二种方法,幕墙铝板表面处理.一种是阳极氧化,另一种是静电喷涂.阳极氧化的氧化膜一般在12m以上.  更多有关铝板厚度信息请详见于上海 有色 网 

镀铝钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

aluminium coated sheet    一种将纯铝或含硅5%~10%的铝合金镀在碳钢板上制成的表面处理钢板。   镀铝钢板生产方法有热镀法、电泳法和真空蒸镀法。热镀法应用最广,因其比较经济。电泳法是将铝粉用电泳的方法均匀地镀覆在钢板表面,经小变形量的轧制使其相互紧密结合,再经500~700℃烧结处理。真空蒸镀法是在低温、真空度为0.0133Pa下进行的,其铝膜纯度高、致密,无针孔,因此耐蚀性能好。   镀铝钢板具有良好的抗高温氧化性,可在450℃下长期使用而不变色,最高使用温度可达750℃。还具有优异的耐大气腐蚀性,特别是能耐含SO2,H2S,CO2等工业大气的腐蚀,是镀锌钢板耐蚀性的3~6倍。多用于汽车排气系统、耐热器具、建筑材料等。 镀铝钢板的性质  镀铝板其价格为不锈钢的三分之一,是降低成本的好材料.  镀铝钢板可广泛用于:  汽车工业:消声器、排气管、油箱、隔热罩、反应器部件和歧管罩等。  建筑、农用矿山机械:柴油机消声器和隔热罩、剪草机和其它园林机械消声器等。  家用产品:烤箱、微波炉、电饭煲、多功能煲、慢炖锅、烤面包机、电热水器、电热水瓶、消毒柜、空调机、热交换器、电暧器、灯饰等。  厨房用具:煎锅、烧水壶、烤盘等。  户外产品:烧烤炉、炭炉、集/排烟口、烟窗。  因为镀铝钢板具有如下特点:  1、镀铝钢板具有极佳的耐高温性(550度)。  2、镀铝钢板可反射80%的入射热量。  3、镀铝钢板的机械强度与其基材的机械强度一致。  4、镀铝钢板对化学腐蚀有极强的耐蚀性。  5、可进行拉伸、冲压、拉管等成形加工。  6、可用标准 MAG 和TIG 焊接加工。  7、可直接接触食物。

厚钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

厚钢板是指厚度大于3毫米的钢板。厚钢板分为特厚钢板和中厚钢板。特厚钢板是指厚度不小于50毫米的钢板。特厚钢板主要用于造船、锅炉、桥梁和高压容器壳体等。中厚钢板是指厚度大于3毫米、小于5O毫米的钢板。中厚钢板主要用于造船、锅炉、桥梁、装甲和高压容器壳体等。       中厚钢板:厚度大于4mm的钢板属于中厚钢板。其中,厚度4.5-25.0mm的钢板称为中厚板, 厚度25.0-100.0mm的称为厚板,厚度超过100.0mm的为特厚板。     中厚板主要用途有哪些?     答:建筑工程、机械制造、容器制造、造船、桥梁等。     普通中厚板用途:广泛用来制造各种容器、炉壳、炉板、桥梁及汽车静钢钢板、低合金钢钢板、桥梁用钢板、造般钢板、锅炉钢板、压力容器钢板、花纹钢板、汽车大梁钢板、拖拉机某些零件及焊接构件。     桥梁用钢板用于大型铁路桥梁。要求承受动载荷、冲击、震动、耐蚀等。     造船钢板:用于制造海洋及内河船舶船体。要求强度高、塑性、韧性、冷弯性能、焊接性能、耐蚀性能都好。     锅炉钢板:用于制造各种锅炉及重要附件,由于锅炉钢板处于中温(350°C以下)高压状态下工作,除承受较高压力外,还受到冲击,疲劳载荷及水和气腐蚀,要求保证一定强度,还要有良好的焊接及冷弯性能。     压力容器用钢板:主要用于制造石油、化工气体分离和气体储运的压力容器或其它类似设备,一般工作压力在常压到320kg/cm2甚至到630kg/cm2,温度在-20-450°C范围内工作,要求容器钢板除具有一定强度和良好塑性和韧性外,还必须有较好冷弯和焊接性能。     汽车大梁钢,用于制造汽车大梁(纵梁、横梁)用厚度为2.5-12.0mm的低合金热轧钢板。由汽车大梁形状复杂,除要求较高强度和冷弯性能外,要求冲压性能好。1、按品质分类(1) 普通钢(P≤0.045%,S≤0.050%)(2) 优质钢(P、S均≤0.035%)(3) 高级优质钢(P≤0.035%,S≤0.030%)2.、按化学成份分类(1) 碳素钢:a.低碳钢(C≤0.25%);b.中碳钢(C≤0.25~0.60%);c.高碳钢(C≤0.60%)。(2) 合金钢:a.低合金钢(合金元素总含量≤5%);b.中合金钢(合金元素总含量>5~10%);c.高合金钢(合金元素总含量>10%)。3、按成形方法分类:(1) 锻钢;(2) 铸钢;(3) 热轧钢;(4) 冷拉钢。4、按金相组织分类(1) 退火状态的:a.亚共析钢(铁素体+珠光体);b.共析钢(珠光体);c.过共析钢(珠光体+渗碳体);d.莱氏体钢(珠光体+渗碳体)。(2) 正火状态的:a.珠光体钢;b.贝氏体钢;c.马氏体钢;d.奥氏体钢。(3) 无相变或部分发生相变的5、按用途分类(1) 建筑及工程用钢:a.普通碳素结构钢;b.低合金结构钢;c.钢筋钢。(2) 结构钢a.机械制造用钢:(a)调质结构钢;(b)表面硬化结构钢:包括渗碳钢、渗钢、表面淬火用钢;(c)易切结构钢;(d)冷塑性成形用钢:包括冷冲压用钢、冷镦用钢。b.弹簧钢c.轴承钢(3) 工具钢:a.碳素工具钢;b.合金工具钢;c.高速工具钢。(4) 特殊性能钢:a.不锈耐酸钢;b.耐热钢:包括抗氧化钢、热强钢、气阀钢;c.电热合金钢;d.耐磨钢;e.低温用钢;f.电工用钢。(5) 专业用钢——如桥梁用钢、船舶用钢、锅炉用钢、压力容器用钢、农机用钢等。6、综合分类(1)普通钢a.碳素结构钢:(a) Q195;(b) Q215(A、B);(c) Q235(A、B、C);(d) Q255(A、B);(e) Q275。b.低合金结构钢c.特定用途的普通结构钢(2)优质钢(包括高级优质钢)a.结构钢:(a)优质碳素结构钢;(b)合金结构钢;(c)弹簧钢;(d)易切钢;(e)轴承钢;(f)特定用途优质结构钢。b.工具钢:(a)碳素工具钢;(b)合金工具钢;(c)高速工具钢。c.特殊性能钢:(a)不锈耐酸钢;(b)耐热钢;(c)电热合金钢;(d)电工用钢;(e)高锰耐磨钢。7、按冶炼方法分类(1) 按炉种分a.平炉钢:(a)酸性平炉钢;(b)碱性平炉钢。b.转炉钢:(a)酸性转炉钢;(b)碱性转炉钢。或 (a)底吹转炉钢;(b)侧吹转炉钢;(c)顶吹转炉钢。c. 电炉钢:(a)电弧炉钢;(b)电渣炉钢;(c)感应炉钢;(d)真空自耗炉钢;(e)电子束炉钢。(2)按脱氧程度和浇注制度分a.沸腾钢;b.半镇静钢;c.镇静钢;d.特殊镇静钢。

碳化钨瓦楞辊

2017-06-06 17:50:12

碳化钨瓦楞辊因为耐磨一开始就用较低的齿高(瓦楞率小),而且能保持长久,可以省下大量的芯纸和胶量,纸板质量不变!重要的是:碳化钨瓦楞辊在整个辊运转寿命中,它的楞高几乎不变。从性能上说,采用碳化钨涂层,保证了瓦楞辊有足够的硬度;在 价格 上基本相同,但就纸板品质而言,碳化钨瓦楞辊在瓦楞楞高、品质上能够保持统一。2004-2009年,碳化钨瓦楞辊的概念已经普及开来之后,浙江的黄岩时代纸箱厂在今年初从bhs买了一对碳化钨瓦楞辊。在时代纸箱厂的总经理陈荣看来:瓦楞纸板生产线的心脏是单面机,单面机不仅是影响纸板质量的第一关键部位,还是控制成本的关键所在。而瓦楞辊又是单面机的核心,是重中之重,所以选择合适的瓦楞辊是非常重要的问题所在。 2004年初,时代纸箱厂购买了进口碳化钨瓦辊,使用近一年以来觉得远远高出预先的期望值,甚至有物超所值的感觉。陈荣说:“从性能上说,因为采用碳化钨涂层,保证了瓦楞辊有足够的硬度。有了这一前提,就能够生产出有利于提高纸板强度的楞形,而不用去考虑设计的楞形经不住芯纸的磨擦。”目前 市场 上已有的磐石形楞及德国bhs公司的唇形楞就是从原来的u型、v型、uv型的简单分类上,研制出更能够让纸张发挥其最大物理指标的楞型。价格 上,时代纸箱厂采购的1600×305进口碳化钨不到4万美元,是国内 价格 的2倍~3倍。但是从整体使用寿命去分析:进口碳化钨瓦楞辊是 3500万长米,而国产瓦楞辊寿命仅800万长米,那么一对进口瓦辊 价格 加一次修复的费用,等于两对国产瓦楞辊加工硬化次修复费用。在 价格 上基本相同,但就纸板品质而言,进口碳化钨瓦辊在瓦楞楞高、品质上能够保持统一,而国产瓦辊在新购或新翻磨时能有好品质的纸板,但有一定的加工正放量、瓦楞楞偏高,浪费了芯纸的收缩率,增加成本。国产瓦楞辊运行2~4个月后瓦辊磨损,瓦楞会变低,纸板品质下降,最终影响业务发展。超级超耐磨碳化钨涂层瓦楞辊优异的经济性能: 1、硬度仅次于金刚石优异的耐磨粒磨性能大于镀铬瓦楞辊3--5倍的使用寿命; 降低了每平方米瓦楞纸板和瓦楞辊的使用费用;减少了65-80%瓦楞辊的更换次数和成本(包括停机和更换等费用);避免了因瓦楞辊磨损中凹而造成的相关部件的经常性损耗(如涂胶辊、匀胶辊和压力辊等)2、稳定的瓦楞纸板质量由于优异的耐磨损性能,瓦楞每次使用周期中的楞高磨损在0.06--0.08毫米,优化后的楞型几乎不变形,涂胶量不会因楞顶磨损而增大,避免了各种常见的纸板质量缺陷,确保了瓦楞纸板始终如一的理想品质。3、降低了瓦楞纸板的耗材成本碳化涂层瓦楞辊可以优化获得耗纸率更低的楞型;极小的楞高磨损量可比镀铬瓦楞辊降低大于1%的耗纸成本;避免了各种常见的纸板质量缺陷,降低大于30--50%的废品损失。超级超耐磨碳化钨涂层瓦楞辊的技术指标:1、瓦楞辊专用特制48CrMo合金钢锻件;  2、瓦楞辊基本体中频淬火硬度>HRC58       齿高极限偏差≤0.025mm 3、耐磨碳化钨涂层厚度0.06--0.08毫米;       齿顶圆跳动公差≤0.025mm 4、碳化钨涂层显微硬度>HV1250--1400       齿厚极限偏差≤0.03mm  5、结合强度>75MPa       齿廓极限偏差±0.02mm  6、可见金相孔隙率<1%       齿侧面对轴线平等度极限偏差≤0.03mm  7、优化设计的经济性楞型     齿顶圆柱母线直线度≤0.02mm     齿等分极限偏差±20"     中高辊中高度极限偏差为中高值的±5%  8、高速辊精度9、齿表面精细研磨抛光,粗糙度Ra ≤1.6μm更多有关碳化钨瓦楞辊请详见于上海 有色 网

锅炉钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

锅炉钢板主要是指用来制造过热器、主蒸汽管和锅炉火室受热面用的热轧中厚板材料,主要材质有优质结构钢及低合金耐热钢,常用的锅炉钢有平炉冶炼的低碳镇静钢或电炉冶炼的低碳钢,含碳量Wc在0.16%-0.26%范围内。由于锅炉钢板处于中温(350ºC以下)高压状态下工作,除承受较高压力外,还受到冲击,疲劳载荷及水和气的腐蚀,对锅炉钢的性能要求主要是有良好的焊接及冷弯性能、一定的高温强度和耐碱性腐蚀、耐氧化等。    锅炉及压力容器用板主要钢号及执行标准    (1)锅炉板主要钢号有:20g、16Mng、15CrMoVg、19Mng、22Mng    (2)压力容器用板主要钢号有:20R、16MnR、15MnNbR、15MnVNR    (3)执行标准:GB713-1997、GB6654-1996    锅炉及压力容器用板的主要用途    锅炉钢板广泛应用于石油、化工、电站、锅炉等行业,用于制作反应器、换热器、分离器、球罐、油气罐、液化气罐、核能反应堆压力壳、锅炉汽包、液化瓶、水电站高压水管、水轮涡壳等设备及构件 锅炉钢板是锅炉制造中非常关键的材料之一。超临界火电机组锅炉的发展,对锅炉钢板的性能提出了更高的要求。锅炉新材料的应用是由材料标准作为载体而实施的。对比分析我国标准与美国ASME 材料标准之间存在的差距,制定适合我国火电机组发展的先进的锅炉钢板标准,应是发展方向。关键词: 锅炉钢板;性能;标准;ASME; 超临界中图分类号: TG335. 5  文献标识码:B  文章编号: 1003 -0514(2005)04 -0037 -05  The comparison and development of the standard of Chinese and American boiler plate  ZHANG Xian( Babcock & Wilcox Beijing Company , Beijing 100001 , China )HUANG Ying( China Metallurgical Information & Standardization Research Institute , Beijing 100730 , China ) Abstract : Boiler plate is the important material of making boiler. The development of boiler of supercritical thermal power generator makes the claim for the capability of boiler plate. The application of the new material takes effect on the basis of material standard as a carrier. Compare and analyse the differences between Chinese and American ASME materials and de2 velop the boiler plate standard fit for our thermal power generator networks.  Key words : boilerplate; capability; standard;ASME; supercritical  0  前言临界火电技术的最现实的途径,但是只有充分了解掌 近年来火电机组向大型化、高参数化发展的趋势握国际上那些技术成熟的新材料,并将其纳入我国电日益明显,超临界参数的火电机组已经在我国大量设站锅炉用钢标准,建立适合我国火电机组发展的先进计建造。作为火电机组三大主机之一的锅炉,对其所的锅炉用钢体系,促进新型锅炉用钢国产化,才是发使用钢的耐高温高压、耐腐蚀、性能稳定等方面提出展我国超临界火电机组的关键。了更高的要求。新型锅炉用钢的研制、开发与应用, 锅炉钢板是锅炉制造中非常关键的材料之一,主一直是火电机组发展所面临的重大课题,各国均投入要是指用来制造锅炉中的锅壳、锅筒、集箱端盖、支吊了大量的人力、物力从事相关的研究工作。架等重要部件用的热轧专用碳素钢和低合金耐热钢 我国火电机组锅炉用钢的开发,近几十年来几乎中厚钢板材料。锅炉钢板常常处于中、高温和高压状处于完全停滞状态。目前超临界火电机组,甚至包括态下工作,除承受较高温度和压力外,还受到冲击,疲部分亚临界机组锅炉中的许多关键材料完全依赖进劳载荷及水和气的腐蚀,工作条件较差。如果锅炉在口。新材料的开发和应用是锅炉制造取得技术进步使用过程中发生破坏性事故,将会造成严重的损失。的基础,新材料是由材料标准和技术条件作为载体而因此锅炉钢板必须具有良好的物理性能、力学性能和实施的。虽然从国外购买先进材料是现阶段发展超可加工性,并在材料标准的技术条款中给予严格的规   收稿日期:2005-06-20 作者简介:张显,高级工程师,1985 年毕业于合肥工业大学材料工程系,现工作于北京巴威公司工程部。 . 1995-2005 Tsinghua Tongfang Optical Disc Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.  定,以满足其使用中的安全。 美国机械工程师协会(ASME) 负责制订、颁布和实施的锅炉压力容器技术规范,它不仅是统一的美国国家标准, 同时也是国际公认的标准法规系统。ASME 规范第II 卷材料篇,主要引用了美国材料试验学会(ASTM) 的相应材料标准和材料试验标准。在ASME 规范中允许使用的材料一般来说必须按照第II 卷的材料标准供货。因此,只有认真研究ASME 材料标准,并与我国锅炉钢板标准进行对比与分析,找出之间的差距,才能建立适合我国超临界火电机组发展的完善的锅炉用钢板标准和标准体系。 1  常用锅炉钢板及性能要求 从材料上来分,锅炉钢板可分为专用碳素钢板和低合金耐热钢板两类。锅炉钢板所用的材料对化学成分,特别是对磷、硫等有害元素和铬、镍、铜等残余元素有严格的控制;冶炼时还应进行良好的脱氧和去除非金属夹杂物,以保证良好的塑性和韧性;组织结构要求均匀,晶粒度控制在一定范围内(通常希望晶粒度在3~7 级之间);对表面质量和内部缺陷也有严格的要求;此外常温和高温力学性能必须保证。 根据工作条件不同,锅炉钢板又可分为制造室温及中温承压部件钢板和制造高温承压部件钢板两大类。 室温及中温(蠕变温度以下) 用锅炉钢板,大多采用碳素钢,包括碳钢、碳锰钢、碳锰硅钢等,即GB713  -1997 锅炉用钢板中的20g 、22Mng 、16Mng 、19Mng 钢,以及美国ASME SA -515ΠSA -515M 中高温压力容器用碳钢板、SA-299ΠSA -299M 压力容器用碳锰硅钢板等。主要用于制造锅炉的锅筒、中温以下集箱端盖等承压部件。要求其应具有较高的室温强度;良好的冲击韧性和较低的缺口敏感性;由于锅筒等部件在加工时需要大量的冷变形,因此还要具有良好的时效韧性;另外还要具备良好的加工工艺性和焊接性能;以及良好的低倍组织等。 高温(蠕变温度以上) 用锅炉钢板,一般采用低合金耐热钢,常用有铬钼钢、铬钼钒钢、铬钼钨钢等。例如GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板中的15CrMog 、12Cr1MoVg , 以及美国ASME SA -387ΠSA387 -M 压力容器用铬-钼合金钢板中的Gr22 、Gr91 和ASME SA -1017ΠSA1017 -M 压力容器用铬-钼-钨合金钢板中的Gr23 、Gr911 、Gr122 钢等。主要是用以制造高温集箱封头端盖、蒸汽管道堵板等高温承压部件。要求 其必须具有足够的高温持久强度和持久塑性;良好的高温组织稳定性;良好的高温抗氧化性(耐热性);以及良好的冷热加工工艺性(主要指冷弯变形和可焊接性) 等。 2  锅炉钢板标准对比分析 对锅炉制造行业来说,ASME 无疑是世界上最权威、最先进、最完善的建造规范。我国的锅炉行业在引进超临界火电机组锅炉的制造技术时,几乎无一例外的采用了美国机械工程师协会(ASME) 制订、颁布和实施的锅炉压力容器技术规范。 现阶段我国的锅炉钢板标准体系分为通用标准和产品标准两层,通用标准包括GBΠT247 钢板和钢带检验、包装、标志及质量证明书的一般规定和GBΠ T14977 热轧钢板表面质量的一般要求两个标准,产品标准仅GB713 锅炉用钢板1 个标准。另外我国还有一个压力容器钢板标准GB6654 压力容器用钢板, 但因为其与大型火电机组锅炉用钢板的要求相距甚远,因此不适合高压以上大型火电机组锅炉上使用。 美国ASME 规范第II 卷材料A 篇(铁基材料) 中, 有关锅炉和压力容器用钢板标准共约44 个,虽然在标准名称上都称作“压力容器用钢板”,但在每一个标准中的第一部分“适用范围”中,对本标准适用于锅炉还是压力容器,都做了明确的规定。所以适用于锅炉用钢板的标准大约有9 个,按体系也可以分为两层, 即通用标准1 个SA-20ΠSA-20M 压力容器用钢板通用要求和产品标准8 个SA-202ΠSA -202M 压力容器用铬锰硅合金钢板、SA-204ΠSA -204M 压力容器用钼合金钢板、SA-299ΠSA -299M 压力容器用碳锰硅钢板、SA-302ΠSA -302M 压力容器用锰钼和锰钼镍合金钢板、SA-387ΠSA -387M 压力容器用铬钼合金钢板、SA-515ΠSA -515M 中高温压力容器用碳钢板、SA-516ΠSA -516M 常低温压力容器用碳钢板、SA -1017ΠSA -1017M 压力容器用铬钼钨合金钢板。另外所有ASME 材料的物理性能、使用温度和许用应力等数据,都集中放在ASME 规范第II 卷D 篇材料性能当中,使用和查找十分便利。 通过对比ASME 锅炉钢板标准及体系可以看出, 我国锅炉钢板产品标准GB713 锅炉用钢板中,将不同品种和不同使用要求的锅炉钢板,以及锅炉钢板的一般性能和高温特殊性能等都放在一起表述,篇幅烦琐,对锅炉钢板的性能要求体现不够。ASME 锅炉钢板标准的制订是按材料加以区分的,每一类材料制订  第4 期               中美锅炉钢板标准的对比及发展 一个标准。标准内容除了规定了这一类材料的基本性能外,对具体用途和注意事项,以及协议条款等,在标准中都有非常详细的规定,充分体现了对锅炉钢板的性能要求,技术性突出,贸易性明显。标准体系和内容非常清晰,让人一目了然。用户在选择和使用上也很方便。 因此,现阶段我国的锅炉钢板标准及体系应加大力度重新予以制修订,以适应先进的超临界锅炉技术的发展对锅炉钢板的要求。 3  锅炉钢板标准发展探讨 上世纪80~90 年代,我国电力制造行业成功地引进了亚临界参数锅炉技术。为适应亚临界压力以下锅炉对锅炉钢板的要求,由鞍山钢铁集团公司、冶金工业信息标准研究院等单位,对GB713 -86 锅炉用碳素钢和低合金钢钢板进行了重新修订。新修订并一直沿用至今的锅炉钢板标准为GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板。在这个版本中,除了20g 和16Mng , 新增加了用于制造锅筒的19Mng (等同于德国标准19Mn6) 、22Mng (等同于美国标准SA299) 、13MnNiCrMoNbg (等同于德国标准BHW355) 等三个牌号,以及用于高温集箱端盖及支吊架等部件的15CrMog 、12Cr1MoVg 两个耐热钢牌号,其他内容也做了一定的修改。新修订的GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板,不仅基本上满足了亚临界压力以下锅炉锅筒、集箱端盖及其支吊件的要求, 为我国电力事业的发展做出了突出贡献,而且还带动了我国钢铁行业的技术进步和产品质量的提高。 进入本世纪以来,随着世界上超临界参数火电机组的发展,我国也开始引进并大量设计制造超临界参数火电机组。超临界火电机组锅炉大多采用直流循环,螺旋炉膛,用汽水分离器替代了锅筒汽包,锅炉中集箱的温度和压力更高,更多的使用一些新型的、性能优异的耐热合金钢。由于对锅炉钢板的性能提出了新的要求,因此一直沿用的GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板标准,其中的一些内容和技术指标,无论是与国外先进水平标准相比,还是与锅炉行业发展的相关要求相比,均存在着一定的差距,主要体现在下述几个方面:  3. 1  标准水平 锅炉钢板产品标准GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板,采用国际先进标准力度远远不够,标准水平只达到了国际一般水平。由于锅炉钢板标准属于重要用途的产品标准,安全可靠性要求严格,制造技术难度高,而且产量比较大。随着我国钢铁行业的生产技术和产品质量的不断提高,锅炉钢板标准应继续采用国际先进标准,加强采标力度,不断提高标准水平。 由于我国锅炉钢板产品标准只有一个,因此可以按照ASME 规范第II 卷D 篇材料性能的模式,制订一份有关我国锅炉钢板材料力学性能和物理性能的通用标准,也可以将这些材料性能完全放在产品标准GB713 中,包括锅炉设计选材时必须用到的高温规定非比例延伸强度(Rp0. 2) 、高温持久强度等力学性能, 以及常用的热膨胀系数、弹性模量等物理性能。另外如有可能,还可参照ASME 的方法,按不同材料、用途和性能,将锅炉用钢板标准细分成若干个标准(如专用碳素钢板、低合金耐热钢板等),以适应用户的需要和应用。 3. 2  外形尺寸 由于我国钢铁行业技术和装备水平的制约,锅炉用的宽厚钢板还几乎无法生产。GB713 仅适用于厚度6~150mm 的范围,而亚临界锅炉锅筒用的钢板厚度一般都在160~210mm 之间,只能依靠进口解决。我们只有提高那些重要用途、技术含量高的产品标准的水平,才有利于带动整个钢铁工业技术进步和产品质量提高,才能最终实现国产化,摆脱进口的束缚。 近年来,钢铁行业在国家良好的经济发展形式下,正大幅度的提高整体技术和装备水平。“十五”规划建设的宝钢5 000mm 宽厚板轧机工程项目,建成投产后其生产的锅炉钢板厚度可达到5~400mm 。作为我国第一套现代化的特宽幅宽厚板轧机,它的建设将带动我国宽厚板生产技术的跳跃式发展,对提升我国宽厚板产品档次,增强我国的综合国力,将发挥积极作用。我们应抓住国内钢铁技术和锅炉制造技术取得突破性进步这个机会,将新技术和新要求纳入锅炉钢板标准,并向国际先进水平标准靠拢,提高我国锅炉钢板标准的技术水平。 3. 3  材料牌号 材料标准和技术条件是材料应用的载体。随着火电机组参数的提高,锅炉制造水平不断进步,ASME 会随着每三年一次修订和每年的增补, 根据建造ASME 规范产品的需要和冶金技术的发展,适当地在原有钢种基础上新纳入和增加代表当今世界最新材料技术水平的新型材料。例如,为适应超临界锅炉集箱封头端盖和支吊架等部件对耐热钢板的要求,最新的2004 版ASME 规范第II 卷材料A 篇中,新制订了SA -1017ΠSA -1017M 压力容器用铬-钼-钨合金钢板标准。我国锅炉用钢板标准在新型材料的纳标上炉钢板材料几乎没有纳入。显得滞后,往往跟不上锅炉制造技术的发展,现行的GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板与ASME 锅炉钢板标GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板已经使用了8 年之久,材料准中材料牌号之间的对比,见表1 所示。品种偏少,供用户选择的余地小,特别是高温用的锅 表1  GB713 与ASME 锅炉钢板材料牌号对比 品种 材料 GB713   标准 材料 ASME   标准  碳锰钢 -16Mng   GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板 SA516 -55 SA516 -60   SA -516ΠSA -516M 常低温压力容器用碳钢板  - SA516 -65   19Mng   SA516 -70   20g - SA515 -60 SA515 -65   SA -515ΠSA -515M 中高温压力容器用碳钢板  22Mng   SA515 -70   锰铬锰钼钢 22Mng ---13MnNiMoNbg   SA -299 SA -202 GrA 、GrB SA -204 GrA 、GrB 、GrC SA -302 GrA 、GrB 、GrC 、GrD   SA -299ΠSA -299M 压力容器用碳锰硅钢板SA -202ΠSA -202M 压力容器用铬锰硅合金钢板SA -204ΠSA -204M 压力容器用钼合金钢板SA -302ΠSA -302M 压力容器用锰钼和锰钼镍合金钢板等同于德国标准BHW355            铬钼钢 -15CrMog   SA -387Gr2 SA -387Gr12   SA -387ΠSA -387M 压力容器用铬钼合金钢板  SA -387Gr11   - SA -387Gr22 、22L   - SA -387Gr21 、21L   - SA -387Gr5   - SA -387Gr9   - SA -387Gr91   - SA -387Gr911   12Cr1MoVg   -  -- SA -1017Gr23 SA -1017Gr911   SA -1017ΠSA -1017M 压力容器用铬钼钨合金钢板  - SA -1017Gr122   通过表1 对比可以看出,用于室温及中温(蠕变温度以下) 的碳锰系列锅炉钢板, GB713 共收纳了5 个牌号,可以满足亚临界以下火电机组锅炉中汽包锅筒、水冷壁集箱端盖、以及低温过热器和省煤器集箱端盖、支吊架等零部件的需要。对于ASME 中的锰铬、锰钼等系列标准中的钢板牌号,我国火电机组锅炉基本不使用,因此不需要纳入我国锅炉钢板标准。用于高温( 蠕变温度以上) 的铬钼系列锅炉钢板, GB713 -1997 中牌号只有2 个。其中15CrMog 最高使用温度为550 ℃,12Cr1MoVg 最高使用温度为565 ℃。而超临界火电机组锅炉中的高温过热器和再热器集箱等部件的金属壁温已经达到600 ℃以上,15CrMog 和12Cr1MoVg 已经达不到要求,因此应将ASME 标准中那些可以使用在600 ℃及以上的材料SA -387Gr22Π 22L 、SA -387Gr91 、SA -387Gr911 、SA -1017Gr122 等, 纳入我国的锅炉用钢板标准,以适应超临界火电机组锅炉技术的发展,提升我国冶金和机电产品的整体水平。 3. 4  技术要求GB713 -1997 规定的技术要求,与ASME 锅炉钢板标准中规定的技术要求对比,见表2 。 从表2 中可以看出,ASME 锅炉钢板标准中的技术要求,除了化学成分和基本的力学性能必须保证外,其余大多是供不同的用户在不同的使用中,对钢板的技术要求做出不同选择的协议项目。ASME 充分体现了以市场为导向,以用户需求为目标的世界先  第4 期               中美锅炉钢板标准的对比及发展 进标准的指导思想。而我国的锅炉用钢板标准显得微量元素、冶炼、锻造、热处理、金相组织等各种因素计划经济体制痕迹较重,起草和制修订标准时,对标的变化而变化的,它是一个帮助分析、判断材料的工准所使用的行业特点没有清楚的反映出来,对用户真艺和质量水平的有效方法。另外,当锅炉运行一段时正需要的技术要求和保证条款调查和重视不够,没有间后,通过材料的冷脆转变温度的变化情况,还可以达到生产型标准向贸易型标准转变的功效。帮助预测锅炉的运行寿命。因此在GB713 当中,应 根据表2 的对比分析发现,ASME 钢板标准都将将落锤试验或系列冲击试验,以及铬钼钢的硬度试验落锤试验作为钢板技术要求中的协议项目,这是因为等作为协议条款给出,方便用户在不同的使用条件下锅炉钢板冷脆转变温度的高低是随材料的化学成分、进行选择。 表2  GB713 与ASME 锅炉钢板技术要求对比 技术指标 GB713   SA202   SA204   SA299   SA302   SA387   SA515   SA516   SA1017   化学成分 √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   交货状态 Δ   Δ   √〔注2〕 √〔注3〕 √〔注3〕 √   √〔注3〕 √〔注2〕 √   常温拉伸 √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   常温冲击 √   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   时效冲击 √〔注1〕 Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   冷弯试验 √   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   表面质量 √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   无损探伤 Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   厚度方向拉伸 Δ   N   N   N   N   N   N   N   N   高温拉伸 Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   落锤试验 N   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   磁粉检验 N   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   奥氏体晶粒度 N   N   N   N   N   √〔注4〕 Δ   N   N   硬度 N   N   N   N   N   N   N   N   √   〔注1〕:仅对20g 和16Mng 有要求。〔注2〕:厚度大于40mm 的钢板必须正火处理。〔注3〕:厚度大于50mm 的钢板必须正火处理。 〔注4〕:仅对Gr2 钢板有要求。√:规定或必检项目;Δ:协议项目;N: 没有规定 4  结束语 材料是火电机组锅炉建造的基础和技术核心之一。美国ASME 规范把材料及其标准列为第二卷,作为整个规范的一个重要组成部分。ASME 钢材标准不仅是钢材生产部门的质量标准,而且是钢材使用单位(设计、制造、检验) 在选用、采购、验收、检验、加工时的依据。ASME 钢材标准是在市场经济模式下,由供需双方共同编制,且以反映钢材使用者的要求为主的标准。ASME 锅炉钢板标准看似十分繁多,但仔细分析却又体系明确、联系紧密、互相呼应、配套性强, 是锅炉建造中不可缺少的一部分。 相对比较而言,我国锅炉钢板仅有GB713 一个标准,其中的材料品种、牌号、等级等,都远远少于ASME 规范,使用上受到很大局限性。另外,我国过去是在计划经济体制下,主要以供方为主编制钢材质量标准,没有更全面地反映钢材使用者的要求和反映锅炉建造的要求,因此锅炉钢板标准在许多方面还不能满足用户需求。 中国锅炉制造行业和冶金行业需要共同努力,深入分析、理解ASME 规范等世界先进标准,找出我国锅炉钢板标准的不足,明确发展方向。今后应继续加大采用国际标准和国外先进标准的力度,积极促进ASME 规范中国化和ASME 钢材国产化,制修订出适合我国火电机组锅炉技术发展的先进的锅炉钢板标准,提升我国锅炉制造行业和冶金行业的整体水平, 更好的为经济建设服务。

镀锌厚度

2017-06-06 17:50:06

镀锌的镀层厚度(coating thickness),是指钢铁表面上锌和(或)锌合金镀层的总厚度,以km表示。镀锌的镀层局部厚度(local coating thickness),在某一基本测量面按规定次数用磁性法所测得的镀层厚度的算术平均值或用称量法进行一次测量所测得的镀层镀覆量的厚度换算值。镀锌的镀层平均厚度(mean coating thickness ),对某一大件或某一批镀锌件抽样后测得镀层局部厚度的算术平均值。镀锌是指在装有镀件、玻璃球、锌粉、水和促进剂的旋转滚桶内,作为冲击介质的玻璃球随着滚桶转动,与镀件表面发生摩擦和锤击产生机械物理能量,在化学促进剂的作用下,将镀涂的锌粉“冷焊”到镀件表面上,形成光滑、均匀和细致的具有一定厚度的镀层。我们通常用镀锌量来表示镀锌钢材的镀锌厚度,一个普遍采用的有效方法,镀锌量的单位为g/m2。镀锌镀层厚度的作用和影响:镀锌镀层的厚度决定了镀件的防腐蚀性能。可以选择高于或低于标准的锌镀层厚度。对于表面光滑的3mm以下薄钢板,工业生产中得到较厚的镀层是困难的,另外,与钢材厚度不相称的锌镀层厚度会影响镀层与基材的结合力以及镀层外观质量。过厚的镀层会造成镀层外观粗糙,易剥落,镀件经不起搬运和安装过程中的碰撞。

不锈钢厚度

2019-03-15 09:13:19

不锈钢厚度测量/不锈钢厚度 不锈钢管是一种中空的长条钢材,大量用作输送流体的管道,如石油、天燃气、水、煤气、蒸气等,另外,在搞弯、抗扭强度相同时,重量较轻,所以也广泛用于制造机械零件和工程结构。也常用作生产各种常规武器。分类:钢管分无缝钢管和焊接钢管(有缝管)两大类。按断面形状又可分为圆管和异形管,广泛应用的是圆形钢管,但也有一些方形、矩形、半圆形、六角形、等边三角形、八角形等异形钢管。 对于承受流体压力的钢管都要进行液压试验来检验其耐压能力和质量,在规定的压力下不发生泄漏、浸湿或膨胀为合格,有些钢管还要根据标准或需方要求进行卷边试验、扩口试验、压扁试验等的分类:钢管分无缝钢管和焊接钢管(有缝管)两大类。按断面形状又可分为圆管和异形管,广泛应用的是圆形钢管,但也有一些方形、矩形、半圆形、六角形、等边三角形、八角形等异形钢管。 对于承受流体压力的钢管都要进行液压试验来检验其耐压能力和质量,在规定的压力下不发生泄漏、浸湿或膨胀为合格,有些钢管还要根据标准或需方要求进行卷边试验、扩口试验、压扁试验等。 无缝不锈钢管也称不锈钢无缝管,是用钢锭或实心管坯经穿孔制成毛管,然后经热轧、冷轧或冷拨制成。无缝钢管的规格用外径*壁厚毫米数表示。 不锈钢管的厚度公差为+0.01mm,-0.02mm。合同中未注明的以此标准执行! 不锈钢厚度 也就是按支结算的,价格按照合同厚度计算,生产按照国家标准执行! 如果合同中注明了实际厚度,在计算重量和价格时,厚度按照+0.02mm计算。 不锈钢板的尺寸规格 通用尺寸:1000*2000、1219*2438、1500*6000、1800*6000 普通定尺:1000*定尺、1219*定尺、1500*定尺、1800*定尺 任意定尺(一般价格会较高) 以上单位均为mm

船用钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

船用钢板指按船级社建造规范要求生产的用于制造船体结构的热轧钢板材。    由于船舶工作环境恶劣,船体壳要受海水的化学腐蚀、电化学腐蚀和海生物、微生物的腐蚀;船体承受较大的风浪冲击和交变负荷;船舶形状使其加工方法复杂等因素、所以对船体结构用钢要求严格。首先良好的韧性是最关键的要求,此外,要求有较高的强度,良好的耐腐蚀性能、焊接性能,加工成型性能以及表面质量。为保质量和保证有足够的韧性,要求化学成分的Mn/C在2.5以上,对碳当量也有严格要求,并由船检部门认可的钢厂生产。船体用结构钢按照其最小屈服点划分强度级别为:一般强度结构钢和高强度结构钢。船体用结构钢分一般厚度和高强度钢两种,一般强度钢按质量分A、B、C和D四个等级;高强度钢又分两个强度级别和三个质量等级;AH32、DH32、EH32、AH36、DH36、EH36。    中国船级社规范标准的一般强度结构钢分为:A、B、D、E四个质量等级(即CCSA、CCSB、CCSC、CCSD);中国船级社规范标准的高强度结构钢为三个强度级别、四个质量等级。    主要船级社规范有: 船用钢板  中国 CCS    美国 ABS    德国 GL    法国 BV    挪威 DNV    日本 KDK    英国 LR    船体用结构钢的化学成分    钢    类 等级 化学成份(质量分数)(%)    C Mn si P S Al Nb V    一般    强度    钢 A ≤O.22 ≥2.5C O.10~0.35 ≤O.04 ≤0.04    B ≤O.21 O.60~1.00    D ≤O.21 0.60~1.00 ≥O.015    E ≤O.18 O.70~1.20 ≥0.015    高    强    度    钢 AH32 ≤O.18 O.70~1.60 0.10~O.50 ≤O.04 ≤0.04 ≥O.015    DH32 O.90~1.60    EH32 O.90~1.60    AH36 0.70~1.60 O.015~O.050 O.03O~O.10    DHB6 0.90~1.60    EH36 O.90~1.60    船体用结构钢的交货状态    钢材等级 厚度/mm 交货状态    A 6---40    热轧、控轧或正火    B 热轧、控轧或正火    D 6---32 热轧、控轧或正火    正火①②    E 6---32 钢板:正火;型钢;正火或控轧    AH32    AH36 6---32    >25--32 热轧、正火或控轧    正火①②    DH32    DH36 6---25    >20---32 正火或控轧②    正火①②    EH32    EH36 6---40 正火②    船体用结构钢的力学性能    钢材    等级    厚度    /mm    屈服点 ós    /MPa 抗拉    强度    ób/MPa 伸长率δ5    (%) v型冲击试验 冷弯试验    温度    /℃ 平均冲击吸收功    AKv/J 窄冷弯    b=2a    180℃ 宽冷弯    b=5a    120°    纵向 横向    ≥ ≥ ≥    A ≤50 235 400~490 22 d=2a    B 0 27 20    d=3a    D —10 27 20    E 一40 27 20    AH32 ≤50 315 440~590 22 O 3l 22    d=3a    DH32 —20 31 22    EH32 —40 31 22    AH36 ≤50 355 490~620 21 O 34 24    d=3a    DH36 —20 34 24    EH36 —40 34 24  一般强度船体结构用钢分为A、B、C、D4个等级,这4个等级的钢材的屈服强度(不小于235N/mm^2)和抗拉强度(400~520N/mm^2)一样,只是不同温度下的冲击功不一样而已; 高强度船体结构用钢按其最小屈服强度划分强度等级,每一强度等级又按其冲击韧性的不同分为A、D、E、F4级。 A32、D32、E32、F32的屈服强度不小于315N/mm^2,抗拉强度440~570N/mm^2,A、D、E、F分别表示其各自可分别在0°、-20°、-40°、-60°的情况下所能达到的冲击韧性; A36、D36、E36、F36的屈服强度不小于355N/mm^2,抗拉强度490~620N/mm^2,A、D、E、F分别表示其各自可分别在0°、-20°、-40°、-60°的情况下所能达到的冲击韧性; A40、D40、E40、F40的屈服强度不小于390N/mm^2,抗拉强度510~660N/mm^2,A、D、E、F分别表示其各自可分别在0°、-20°、-40°、-60°的情况下所能达到的冲击韧性。 还有, 焊接结构用高强度淬火回火钢:A420、D420、E420、F420;A460、D460、E460、F460;A500、D500、E500、F500;A550、D550、E550、F550;A620、D620、E620、F620;A690、D690、E690、F690; 锅炉与受压容器用钢:360A、360B;410A、410B;460A、460B;490A、490B;1Cr0.5Mo、2.25Cr1Mo 机械结构用钢:一般可选用上述钢材; 低温韧性钢:0.5NiA、0.5NiB、1.5Ni、3.5Ni、5Ni、9Ni; 奥氏体不锈钢:00Cr18Ni10、00Cr18Ni10N、00Cr17Ni14Mo2、00Cr17Ni13Mo2N、00Cr19Ni13Mo3、00Cr19Ni13Mo3N、0Cr18Ni11Nb; 双相不锈钢:00Cr22Ni5Mo3N、00Cr25Ni6Mo3Cu、00Cr25Ni7Mo4N3。 复合钢板:适用于化学制品运输船的容器和液货舱; Z向钢:是在某一等级结构钢(称为母级钢)的基础上,经过特殊处理(如钙处理、真空脱气、氩气搅拌等)和适当热处理的钢材。 a

造船钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

steel sheets and plates for shipbuilding造船钢板   造船钢板是指用造船专用结构钢生产的,用于制造远洋、沿海和内河航行的船舶的船体结构的薄钢板和厚钢板。   造船用结构钢包括碳素钢和低合金钢,钢号的末尾标有C(船)。   碳钢素有2C、3C、4C和5C,低合金钢有12MnC、16MnC、15MnTiC、14MnVTiReC等钢种。厚度为2.5~50毫米。 CCSA中国船级社认证A板,CCSB中国船级社认证B板差100块以内。  造船钢板的规格和材质 商标可分为,国标,日标,美标,德标等  根据造船钢板材质可分为一般船板和高强度船板  一般船板有A,B,C,D,E级,高强度船板可分为AH32/36 ,EH32/36,DH32/36 。

薄钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

薄钢板(也叫黑铁皮)    薄钢板—指厚度小于或等于4mm的钢板,包括普通薄钢板(如普通碳素钢、花纹钢及酸洗薄钢板)、优质薄钢板(碳素结构钢、合金结构钢、工具钢等薄钢板(如镀锌、镀锡及镀铅等薄钢板)。 薄钢板理论重量:薄钢板厚度(mm)理论重量(kg/m2)厚度(mm)理论重量(kg/m2)厚度(mm)理论重量(kg/m2)0.201.570.755.891.814.130.251.960.806.282.015.700.302.360.907.072.217.270.352.751.007.852.519.360.403.141.18.642.821.980.453.531.29.423.023.550.503.931.310.213.225.120.554.321.410.993.527.480.604.711.511.783.829.830.655.101.612.563.930.620.705.501.713.354.031.40     薄钢板是符合厚度等于或小于4mm的各种热轧和冷轧的钢板。有许多品种:热轧普通薄钢板、冷轧普同薄钢板、热轧优质薄钢板、冷轧优质薄钢板以及电镀、镀锌、涂层、复合等薄钢板。虽然品种多,材质也不同,但其尺寸、外形、重量计算方法大同小异,计算公式:  W(kg/m2)=0.00785*宽*厚

彩色涂层钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

它是热轧钢板、镀锌钢板上涂0.4-0.5mm的软质或半硬质聚氯乙烯塑料薄膜制成,具有耐热、耐腐蚀性能,可做墙板。   彩色涂层钢板简述:   在钢板上涂上有机涂料,涂料可以有各种不同的颜色,彩色涂层钢板由此而得名,简称彩板,也称有机涂层钢板。由于彩色涂层钢板是在钢板加工成型前先涂上涂料,在国外也称为预涂层钢板。彩涂板有机涂层起了覆盖隔离作用,可防止钢板生锈,使用寿命更长。   彩涂板的基板有冷轧基板、热镀锌基板、电镀锌基板、热镀铝锌基板。  彩涂板的面漆涂层种类可以分为:聚酯、硅改性聚酯、偏聚氟乙烯、高耐久性聚酯等。  生产工艺从一涂一烘发展到二涂二烘,也出现三涂三烘的工艺。  彩涂板的表面状态可以分为正常涂层板、压花板、印花板等。   彩涂板主要用途分为建筑、家电和交通运输等。由于彩涂板不仅色彩鲜艳,还具有优良的成型性和耐久性,使用寿命长等优点,还大量节省客户的清洗脱脂和油漆作业的设备成本和人工。因此,彩色涂层钢板已广泛应用在我国的建筑业(大型工业厂房、大型仓库、简易活动室、室内装饰板、机场建筑物、现代化大型飞机库、大型体育馆等)预热隔热夹芯板、大型冷藏库、彩涂钢板制门窗、卷帘门及钢制家具。在家电行业中用于冰柜、洗衣机。电子工业应用在仪表开关箱外壳、录音机机芯等。其它如候车厅,售票亭,办公室隔墙等,应用正不断扩大。  PCM彩板即连续辊涂彩色钢板,其色彩鲜艳,不仅具有良好的成型加工性、漆膜耐腐蚀性和柔韧性,又具有良好的经济效益,满足社会经济、环保发展的要求。根据ECCA(欧洲卷涂协会)数据统计,PCM彩板在生产效率、周转储存、环保效应、外观效果方面均优于传统的喷粉板材,其综合成本仅相当于喷粉板材的90%左右,因此,在欧美地区家电外装饰材料几乎都采用该类彩板;目前在国内,以海尔集团为代表,喷粉板材正逐渐被彩板所取代。  在传统PCM彩板的基础上,海尔彩板公司通过整合全球资源,研制开发出导电PCM彩板及辊涂工艺的砂面PCM彩板,成为国内唯一的砂面PCM彩板的生产基地。产品不仅符合欧盟的ROHS环保标准,且经国家科委、经贸委鉴定,产品性能品质均已达到国际领先水平。  彩色予涂钢板PCM,将传统的喷涂涂装变成钢板的连续涂布,便于表面处理及涂布质量的控制,又不存在涂装易产生的棱边死角等缺陷;而且采用无铬处理液进行辊涂式化学处理后直接干燥,无传统浸涂式化学处理对环境的污染和破坏,满足环保要求。   产品特点:   彩色予涂钢板PCM板材色彩鲜艳,既具有钢板的强度和良好的成型加工性,又能够满足高速、精密加工设备的要求。而PCM得以高速发展的主要原因,其具有良好的经济效益同时也能满足社会经济、环保发展的要求。  在连续机组上以冷轧带钢,镀锌带钢(电镀锌和热镀锌)为基板,经过表面预处理(脱脂和学处理),用辊涂的方法,涂上一层或多层液态涂料,化经过烘烤和冷却所得的板材即为涂层钢板。由于涂层可以有各种不同的颜色,习惯上把涂层钢板叫做彩色涂层钢板。又由于涂层是在钢板成型加工之前进行的,在国外这叫做预涂层钢板.   工艺流程   彩色涂层钢板是以冷轧钢板和镀锌钢板为基板,经过表面预处理(脱脂、清洗、化学转化处理),以连续的方法涂上涂料(辊涂法),经过烘烤和冷却而制成的产品。   常见的二涂二烘型连续彩色涂层机组工艺流程主要生产工序为:开卷→预处理→涂敷→烘烤→后处理→卷取。   产品用途:   涂层钢板具有轻质、美观和良好的防腐蚀性能,又可直接加工,它给建筑业、造船业、车辆制造业、家具行业、电气行业等提供了一种新型原材料,起到了以钢代木、高效施工、节约能源、防止污染等良好效果。使用镀锌钢板为基板的彩色涂层钢板,除有锌保护外,锌层上的有机涂层起了覆盖隔离作用,可防止钢板生锈,使用寿命比镀锌钢板更长,据介绍涂层钢板的使用寿命比镀锌钢板长50%。   但是,在不同的地区和不同的使用部位,采用相同镀锌量、同种涂料、相同涂层厚度的彩色涂层板,其使用寿命会有很大的不同。例如,在工业区或沿海地区,由于受到空气中二氧化硫气体或盐分的作用,腐蚀速度加快,使用寿命受到影响。   在雨季,涂层长期受雨水浸湿、或者在日夜温差太大易结露的部位,都会较快地受到腐蚀,使用寿命均会降低。   用彩色涂层钢板制造的建筑物或厂房,经常受到雨水冲洗时使用寿命较长,否则,由于受二氧化硫气体、盐和灰尘的作用而影响使用。因此,在设计时,若屋顶的倾斜度越大,则越不容易积聚灰尘等污物,使用寿命越长;对于那些不受雨水经常冲洗的区域或部位,应定期用水冲洗。  彩涂钢板分类   彩色涂层钢板产品可以采用冷轧基板、热镀锌基板和电镀锌基板。   按基板分类的彩色涂层钢板种类如下:   彩 色 涂 层 钢 板   冷轧基板彩色涂层钢板   热镀锌彩色涂层钢板   热镀铝锌彩色涂层钢板 镀5%铝锌彩色涂层钢板   镀55%铝锌彩色涂层钢板   电镀锌彩色涂层钢板   其它 印花彩板   金属压花彩板   ■冷轧基板彩色涂层钢板   由冷轧基板生产的彩色板,具有平滑美丽的外观,且具有冷轧板的加工性能;但是表面涂层的任何细小划伤都会把冷轧基板暴露在空气中,从而使露铁处很快生成红锈。因此这类产品只能用于要求不高的临时隔离措施和作室内用材。   ■热镀锌彩色涂层钢板   把有机涂料涂复在热镀锌钢板上得到的产品即为热镀锌彩涂板。热镀锌彩涂板除具有锌的保护作用外,表面上的有机涂层还起了隔绝保护、防止生锈的作用,使用寿命比热镀锌板更长。热镀锌基板的含锌量一般为180g/m2(双面),建筑外用热   镀锌基板的镀锌量最高为275g/m2。   ■热镀铝锌彩涂板   根据要求,也可以采用热镀铝锌钢板作为彩涂基板(55%AI-Zn和5%AI-Zn)。   ■电镀锌彩涂板   用电镀锌板为基板,涂上有机涂料烘烤所得的产品为电镀锌彩涂板,由于电镀锌板的锌层薄,通常含锌量为20/20g/m2,因此该产品不适合使用在室外制作墙、屋顶等。但因具有美丽的外观和优良的加工性能,因此主要可用于家电、音响、钢家具、室内装潢等。   ■涂料   涂料是一种流动状态或粉末状态的有机物,涂敷于底材上能干燥固化形成一层薄膜,均匀地覆盖和良好地附着。其主要性能为防护性(如耐潮湿性、耐水性、耐候性、耐化学性等)和装饰性(具有各种不同的颜色和光泽)。   ■涂料的组成及其作用   各种不同的涂料,都有四个部分组成,即(1)树脂(2)颜料(3)溶剂(4)助剂。其中溶剂是挥发分,其作三个部分基本是不挥发分。   (1)树脂   树脂即成膜物质,是涂料中的最主要成分和基础,也称基料,它是决定涂膜性质的主要因素。要求作为成膜物质的树脂在   涂料储存期内相当稳定,不发生明显的物理变化和化学变化;在成膜时,在规定的条件下,能迅速固化成膜。   树脂种类繁多,在卷材涂料中常用的树脂有酸树脂、环氧树脂、聚酯树脂和聚基酯树脂等。不同的树`脂,其物理性能和化学性能、以及耐候性、耐蚀性等是不一样的。   (2)颜料   颜料须与树脂配合使用,在涂料中的主要作用是使涂膜着色,颜料比例不同会影响涂膜硬度、光泽度以及耐蚀性等。   (3)溶剂   溶剂是液态涂料的重要组成部分,在涂料烘干过程中是能挥发的成分。一般也用溶剂调节涂料粘度,这种用于调节涂料粘度的溶剂称为稀释剂。溶剂对涂料的制造、贮存、涂敷、漆膜的形成和成膜质量有着很大的影响。   (4)助剂   助剂是为改善涂料性能而加入的少量添加剂。助剂在涂料中用量极少,作用却显著,如有的能改进涂料和涂膜的性能,有的能改善烘干时间、有的能防止涂膜产生病态等。助剂种类繁多,有催干剂、固化剂、流平剂、消泡剂、消光剂,稳定剂等。   几乎绝大部分液态涂料都由上述四个成分中的某些原料组成,其中最主要的是树脂,这是任何涂料都少不了的。可以说树脂(有时加溶剂和助剂)就是透明漆,再加入颜料就可成各种色漆。   彩色涂层钢板用涂料一般根据用途分为两大类:即建筑用和家电用。建筑用涂料根据使用环境的不同,在环氧树脂、聚酯树脂、聚氯乙烯塑料溶胶、硅改性聚酯和聚偏氟乙烯中选择。家电用涂料一般彩聚酯树脂。 一、什么叫做彩色涂层钢板 现代的彩色涂层钢板是在连续机组上以冷轧带钢、镀锌钢带(电镀锌和热镀锌)和热镀锌一铝合金钢带等为基板,经过表面预处理(脱脂和化学处理),用辊涂或覆膜等方法,涂覆上一层或多层有机涂层,经过烘烤和冷却所得到的涂装产品即为涂层钢板。由于涂层可以有各种不同的颜色,因此,又称之为“彩色涂层钢板”。又由于涂层是在钢板成型加工之前进行的,在国外亦称之为“预涂层钢板”或‘卷涂”。 二、彩色涂层钢板是由哪几部分构成的 彩色涂层钢板的构成,大体上可分为基材、镀层、化学转化膜和有机涂层4大部分。 三、彩色涂层钢板的涂料品种有哪几大类 按彩色涂层钢板的涂料形态分类,则有液体涂料、粉末涂料、塑料薄膜三大类。 四、用于生产彩色涂层钢板的基材主要有哪几种 按基板分类的彩色涂层钢板的种类,主要有以下四大类别:(1)冷轧基板彩色涂层钢板。(2)热镀锌彩色涂层钢板。(3)热镀铝锌彩色涂层钢板。(4)电镀锌彩色涂层钢板。 五、在剪切彩色涂层钢板时,应注意哪些问题? 彩色涂层钢板根据用途要进行剪切、弯曲、成型等各种加工。由于钢板表面有锌层和有机涂层,加工时有许多与普通冷轧钢板不同的地方,须特别注意,以防加工时涂膜受损。影响剪切的因素包括:(1)材料的力学性能;(2)刀具的形状及间隙;(3)工具面的摩擦及润滑;(4)加工速度和温度等。在剪切彩色涂层钢板时应特别注意以下事项:(1)应尽量使切断面的毛边短小,以防彩色涂层钢板在剪切堆垛时相互划伤;(2)及时清除剪断时产生的切屑和金属粉,否则会损伤钢板表面,成为擦伤或腐蚀生锈的根源;(3)彩色涂层钢带剪切时,与彩色接触的辊子应为胶辊或其他材料,与彩色钢板接触的台面应铺上橡皮垫并保持清洁,防止彩板涂膜损伤。

耐磨钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

耐磨钢板以及耐磨钢板的特点耐磨钢板的性能特点:1.很高的耐磨性能: strongplate耐磨钢板耐磨层厚度3-12㎜,耐磨层硬度可以达到HRC58-62,耐磨性能是普通钢板的15-20倍以上,是低合金钢板性能5-10倍以上,是高铬铸铁耐磨性能2-5倍以上,耐磨性远远高于喷焊和热喷涂等方法。  2.较好的冲击性能: Strongplate耐磨钢板是双层金属结构,耐磨层和基材之间是冶金结合,结合强度高,可在受冲击的过程中吸收能量,耐磨层不会脱落,可以应用到振动、冲击较强的工况条件下,这一点是铸造耐磨材料和陶瓷材料所不及的。3.很好的耐温性能: Strongplate耐磨钢板合金碳化物在高温下有很强的稳定性能,耐磨钢板可以在500℃内使用,其他特殊要求温度可以定制生产,能够满足1200℃以内条件下使用;陶瓷、聚脂、高分子材料等采取粘贴方式耐磨材料无法满足如此高温要求。4.很好的连接性能: Strongplate耐磨钢板基材是普通Q235钢板,保证耐磨钢板具有韧性和塑性,提供抵抗外力的强度,可以采取焊接、塞焊、螺栓连接等多种方式和其他结构进行联系,连接牢固,不容易脱落,连接方式多于其他材料;5.很好的选择性能: Strongplate耐磨钢板选择不同厚度基材,堆焊不同层数和厚度的合金耐磨层,可以得到不同厚度和不同用途的钢板,最大厚度可达到30㎜以上;6.很好的加工性能: Strongplate耐磨钢板能够按要求加工成不同规格尺寸,可以进行加工、冷弯成型、焊接、弯曲等,方便使用;可以现场拼焊成型,使维修更换工作变得省时、方便,大大降低工作强度。7.很好的性价格比: Strongplate耐磨钢板价格较普通材料有所提高,但考虑到产品使用寿命,综合考虑维修费用、备件费用和停机损失,其性能价格比远高于普通钢板和其他材料  双金属复层耐磨钢板是专供大面积磨损工况使用的板材产品,是在韧性、塑性很好的普通低碳钢或者低合金钢表面通过堆焊方法复合一定厚度的硬度较高、耐磨性优良的耐磨层而制成的板材产品。   双金属复合耐磨钢板由低碳钢板和合金耐磨层两部分组成,抗磨层一般占总厚度的1/3-1/2。工作时由基体提供抵抗外力的强度、韧性和塑性等综合性能,由耐磨层提供满足指定工况需求的耐磨性能。   耐磨钢板合金耐磨层和基体之间是冶金结合。通过专用设备,采用自动焊接工艺,将高硬度自保护合金焊丝均匀地焊接在基材上,复合层数一层至两层以至多层,复合过程中由于合金收缩比不同,出现均匀横向裂纹,这是耐磨钢板的显著特点。   耐磨层主要以铬合金为主,同时还添加锰、钼、铌、镍等其它合金成份,金相组织中碳化物呈纤维状分布,纤维方向与表面垂直。碳化物显微硬度可以达到HV1700-2000以上,表面硬度可达到HRc58-62。合金碳化物在高温下有很强的稳定性,保持较高的硬度,同时还具有很好的抗氧化性能,在500℃以内完全正常使用。   耐磨钢板具有很高耐磨性能和较好冲击性能好,能够进行切割、弯曲、焊接等,可采取焊接、塞焊、螺栓连接等方式与其他结构进行连接,在维修现场过程中具有省时、方便等特点,广泛应用于冶金、煤炭、水泥、电力、玻璃、矿山、建材、砖瓦等行业,与其他材料相比,有很高的性价比,已经受到越来越多行业和厂家的青睐   技术参数   硬度,HRC   耐磨层厚度≤4mm:HRC54-58;   耐磨层厚度>4mm:HRC56-62   外观参数   平整度:5mm/M   性能描述   1、高耐磨性   合金层的化学成分中碳含量达4~5%,铬含量高达25~30%,其金相组织中Cr7C3碳化物的体积分数达到50%以上,宏观硬度为HRC56~62,碳化铬的硬度为HV1400~1800。由于碳化物成于磨损方向相垂直分布,即使与同成分和硬度的铸造合金相比较,耐磨性能提高一倍以上。与几种典型的材料耐磨性对比如下:   (1)与低碳钢;20~25:1   (2)与铸态高铬铸铁;1.5~2.5:1   2、良好的耐冲击性:   耐磨复合钢板的底层为低碳钢或低合金。不锈钢等韧性材料,体现双金属的优越性,耐磨层抵抗磨损介质的磨损,基板承受介质的载荷,因此有良好的耐冲击性。可以承受物料输送系统中承受高落差料斗等冲击和磨损。   3、较好的耐热性:   耐磨层推荐使用在≤600℃工况下使用,若在合金层中加入钒,钼等合金,可以承受≤800℃的高温磨损。   推荐使用温度如下:   普通碳钢基板推荐不高于380℃工况使用;   低合金耐热钢板(15CrMo,12Cr1MOV等)基板推荐不高于540℃工况使用;   耐热不锈钢基板推荐在不高于800 ℃工况使用。   4、好的耐腐蚀性   耐磨复合钢板的合金层中含有高百分比的金属铬,故具有一定防锈和耐腐蚀能力。用于落煤筒和漏斗等场合可以做到防止粘煤。   5、品种规格齐全   耐磨复合钢板规格全,品种多,已成商品系列化。耐磨合金层的厚度在3~20mm。复合钢板的厚度最薄为6mm,厚度不限。目前,标准耐磨复合钢板可提供1200或1450×2000mm,也可根据用户需求,按图纸尺寸定做加工。耐磨复合钢板现分为普通型、耐冲击型和高温型三种,定购高温耐磨和耐冲击型复合钢板要说明。   6、方便的加工性能   耐磨复合钢板可以切割,弯曲或卷曲、焊接和打孔,它可以加工成普通钢板可以加工的各种部件。切割好的复合板可以拼焊成各种工程结构件或零部件。   功能及特点   可焊接、耐磨性能好。

金属常识 --- 钢板

2018-12-12 09:40:23

一、钢板(包括带钢)的分类:  1、按厚度分类:(1)薄板(2)中板(3)厚板(4)特厚板  2、按生产方法分类:(1)热轧钢板(2)冷轧钢板  3、按表面特征分类:(1)镀锌板(热镀锌板、电镀锌板)(2)镀锡板(3)复合钢板(4)彩色涂层钢板  4、按用途分类:(1)桥梁钢板(2)锅炉钢板(3)造船钢板(4)装甲钢板(5)汽车钢板(6)屋面钢板(7)结构钢板(8)电工钢板(硅钢片)(9)弹簧钢板(10)其他二、普通及机械结构用钢板中常见的日本牌号  1、日本钢材(JIS系列)的牌号中普通结构钢主要由三部分组成:第一部分表示材质,如:S(Steel)表示钢,F(Ferrum)表示铁;第二部分表示不同的形状、种类、用途,如P(Plate)表示板,T(Tube)表示管,K(Kogu)表示工具;第三部分表示特征数字,一般为最低抗拉强度。如:SS400¡¡第一个S表示钢(Steel),第二个S表示“结构”(Structure),400为下限抗拉强度400MPa,整体表示抗拉强度为400 MPa的普通结构钢。  2、SPHC¡¡首位S为钢Steel的缩写,P为板Plate的缩写,H为热Heat的缩写,C商业Commercial的缩写,整体表示一般用热轧钢板及钢带。  3、SPHD¡¡表示冲压用热轧钢板及钢带。  4、SPHE¡¡表示深冲用热轧钢板及钢带。  5、SPCC¡¡表示一般用冷轧碳素钢薄板及钢带,相当于中国Q195-215A牌号。其中第三个字母C为冷Cold的缩写。需保证抗拉试验时,在牌号末尾加T为SPCCT。  6、SPCD¡¡表示冲压用冷轧碳素钢薄板及钢带,相当于中国08AL(13237)优质碳素结构钢。  7、SPCE¡¡表示深冲用冷轧碳素钢薄板及钢带,相当于中国08AL(5213)深冲钢。需保证非时效性时,在牌号末尾加N为SPCEN。冷轧碳素钢薄板及钢带调质代号:退火状态为A,标准调质为S,1/8硬为8,1/4硬为4,1/2硬为2,硬为1。  表面加工代号:无光泽精轧为D,光亮精轧为B。如SPCC-SD表示标准调质、无光泽精轧的一般用冷轧碳素薄板。再如SPCCT-SB表示标准调质、光亮加工,要求保证机械性能的冷轧碳素薄板。  8、JIS机械结构用钢牌号表示方法为:S+含碳量+字母代号(C、CK),其中含碳量用中间值×100表示,字母C:表示碳 K:表示渗碳用钢。如碳结卷板S20C其含碳量为0.18-0.23%。三、我国及日本硅钢片牌号表示方法  1、中国牌号表示方法:  (1)冷轧无取向硅钢带(片)表示方法:DW+铁损值(在频率为50HZ,波形为正弦的磁感峰值为1.5T的单位重量铁损值。)的100倍+厚度值的100倍。如DW470-50 表示铁损值为4.7w/kg,厚度为0.5mm的冷轧无取向硅钢,现新型号表示为50W470。  (2)冷轧取向硅钢带(片)表示方法:DQ+铁损值(在频率为50HZ,波形为正弦的磁感峰值为1.7T的单位重量铁损值。)的100倍+厚度值的100倍。有时铁损值后加G表示高磁感。如DQ133-30表示铁损值为1.33,厚度为0.3mm的冷轧取向硅钢带(片),现新型号表示为30Q133。  (3)热轧硅钢板热轧硅钢板用DR表示,按硅含量的多少分成低硅钢(含硅量≤2.8%)、高硅钢(含硅量>2.8%)。  表示方法:DR+铁损值(用50HZ反复磁化和按正弦形变化的磁感应强度最大值为1.5T时的单位重量铁损值)的100倍+厚度值的100倍。如DR510-50表示铁损值为5.1,厚度为0.5mm的热轧硅钢板。家用电器用热轧硅钢薄板的牌号用JDR+铁损值+厚度值来表示,如JDR540-50。  2、日本牌号表示方法:  (1)冷轧无取向硅钢带由公称厚度(扩大100倍的值)+代号A+铁损保证值(将频率50HZ,最大磁通密度为1.5T时的铁损值扩大100倍后的值)。如50A470表示厚度为0.5mm,铁损保证值为≤4.7的冷轧无取向硅钢带。  (2)冷轧取向硅钢带由公称厚度(扩大100倍的值)+代号G:表示普通材料,P:表示高取向性材料+铁损保证值(将频率50HZ,最大磁通密度为1.7T时的铁损值扩大100倍后的值)。如30G130表示厚度为0.3mm,铁损保证值为≤1.3的冷轧取向硅钢带。

pcb铜箔厚度

2017-06-06 17:50:06

主要有铜皮厚度35um;50um;70um转载:PCB设计时铜箔厚度,走线宽度和电流的关系不同厚度不同宽度的铜箔的载流量见下表:铜皮厚度35um 铜皮厚度50um 铜皮厚度70um铜皮t=10 铜皮t=10 铜皮t=10电流A宽度mm 电流A宽度mm 电流A宽度mm6.00 2.50 5.10 2.50 4.50 2.505.10 2.00 4.30 2.00 4.00 2.004.20 1.50 3.50 1.50 3.20 1.503.60 1.20 3.00 1.20 2.70 1.203.20 1.00 2.60 1.00 2.30 1.002.80 0.80 2.40 0.80 2.00 0.802.30 0.60 1.90 0.60 1.60 0.602.00 0.50 1.70 0.50 1.35 0.501.70 0.40 1.35 0.40 1.10 0.401.30 0.30 1.10 0.30 0.80 0.300.90 0.20 0.70 0.20 0.55 0.200.70 0.15 0.50 0.15 0.20 0.15注1 用铜皮作导线通过大电流时铜箔宽度的载流量应参考表中的数值降额50%去选择考虑再看看摘自<<电子电路抗干扰实用技术>>(国防工业出版社, 毛楠孙瑛96.1第一版)的经验公式,“由于敷铜板铜箔厚度有限,在需要流过较大电流的条状铜箔中,应考虑铜箔的载流量问题. 仍以典型的0.03mm 厚度的为例,如果将铜箔作为宽为W(mm),长度为L(mm)的条状导线, 其电阻为0.0005*L/W 欧姆. 另外,铜箔的载流量还与印刷电路板上安装的元件种类,数量以及散热条件有关. 在考虑到安全的情况下, 一般可按经验公式0.15*W(A)来计算铜箔的载流量.Ps -ef|grep wczPs -e|grep allegro150um没见过,要么是双层以上的PCB夹在中间的供电用,表面的多为嵌入的吧正常的制程下, 铜皮厚度有18um、35um、50um、70um ; 而超过70um以上的, 就属于特殊制程了, 对于厚铜板,当然主要还是靠的是电镀加镀镀铜, 铜厚度不够, 一直镀,直到镀到所要求厚度为止。而对于厚铜板,制作中有一个很大的技术缺陷, 就是在蚀刻和绿油制作时, 特别难加工, 因为铜厚, 蚀刻的侧蚀量也较大, 从而很难达到客户要求的线宽线隙要求;而铜较高, 绿油加工时, 无铜区就要重点加工, 而此时又极易会出现绿油分层的现象, 这也是一个控制的重点……

镀锌层厚度

2017-06-06 17:50:07

我们通常用镀锌量来表示镀锌钢材的镀锌层厚度,一个普遍采用的有效方法,镀锌量的单位为g/m2。镀锌层厚度有多种表示方法,例如镀层总厚度、镀层局部厚度、镀层平均厚度等等。镀锌层厚度(coating thickness),是指钢铁表面上锌和(或)锌合金镀层的总厚度,以km表示。镀锌层局部厚度(local coating thickness),在某一基本测量面按规定次数用磁性法所测得的镀层厚度的算术平均值或用称量法进行一次测量所测得的镀层镀覆量的厚度换算值。镀锌层平均厚度(mean coating thickness ),对某一大件或某一批镀锌件抽样后测得镀层局部厚度的算术平均值。镀锌是指在装有镀件、玻璃球、锌粉、水和促进剂的旋转滚桶内,作为冲击介质的玻璃球随着滚桶转动,与镀件表面发生摩擦和锤击产生机械物理能量,在化学促进剂的作用下,将镀涂的锌粉“冷焊”到镀件表面上,形成光滑、均匀和细致的具有一定厚度的镀层。镀锌层厚度直接决定了镀件的防腐蚀性能。可以选择高于或低于标准的锌镀层厚度。对于表面光滑的3mm以下薄钢板,工业生产中得到较厚的镀层是困难的,另外,与钢材厚度不相称的锌镀层厚度会影响镀层与基材的结合力以及镀层外观质量。过厚的镀层会造成镀层外观粗糙,易剥落,镀件经不起搬运和安装过程中的碰撞。

浅谈粉末涂层厚度测量标准

2019-01-08 17:01:42

粉末涂料的厚度的技术。它简述了工作原理和相关行业的测试方法和标准。 一、概述 膜厚度测量应该是所有粉末涂布人员(图1)的常规工作。定期测量有助于控制材料成本,管理涂布的效率,并保持表面质量。粉末涂料制造商建议可使涂层达到较佳性能特点的目标薄膜厚度范围并且这些参数满足客户期望。 粉末膜厚固化前和固化后的膜厚可以利用几种不同的仪器进行测量。例如见图2.每个粉末涂覆操作应该知道什么设备是可用的,以及如何使用它。 二、测量膜厚的必要性 薄膜厚度可以说是在保护涂层的应用和检查过程中的一个较重要的测量。粉末涂层专用于由制造商指定的厚度范围进行涂覆实现其预期的功能。许多成品涂层的物体和外观性能会直接受到干膜厚度(DFT)的影响。DFT会影响涂层的颜色、光泽、表面轮廓、附着力、柔韧性、耐冲击性和硬度。如果膜厚不在容差范围内,涂布后的组装件的安装也会受其影响。 准确测量涂层厚度也有其他的好处。是否能满足国际标准化组织(ISO)、产品质量或客户的要求进行过程控制,企业需要确认涂层质量避免为返工产品花冤枉钱。通过检查他们的应用设备,他们保证应用的涂层符合制造商的建议。 施涂者必须均匀地涂覆粉末涂料,并且要根据产品规格表的要求。施涂过大的DFT不仅浪费,而且会有不完全固化的可能的风险,并且会大大减少涂层系统的整体性能。高膜构造通常会导致粘结强度低。涂层容易从基材上剥离或破裂。定期检测可以减少内部返工和因加工缺陷而客户退货的数量。 三、符合标准 粉末涂层厚度的测量要根据测试是在粉末固化之前或之后来使用不同的测量方法。美国社会测试和材料协会(ASTM)具有一系列的描述这些技术的标准。 D 4138测试方法描述了用切片仪器测试坚固底材的破坏性测量方法。 D 7091操作规程描述了用磁性测厚仪和 涡流测厚仪测量金属底材的非破坏性测量方法。D6132测试方法描述了用超声波测厚仪 测量非金属底材的非破坏性测量方法。 D 7378标准描述了三种测量制备的预固化粉末涂层的厚度的方法来预估固化后的厚度。 四、膜厚度测量的概要 膜厚测量可以在固化和交联之前或之后进行。基底的类型、涂层的厚度范围、涂层的大小和形状及作业的经济能力决定使用的测量方法。 在未固化的粉末涂料,高度的测量可以用粉梳子和使用专用的粉末探头的电子测量仪进行测量。由于在固化过程粉末涂层的厚度会减少,所以要确定减少的因素来预测固化后的DFT。另外,超声波仪器测量未固化的粉末不用接触表面并且能自动预测粉末的固化厚度。 固化后,各种手持设备可在涂层部分上进行直接DFT测量。这些非破坏性的测厚仪器要根据底材的类型来选择是磁感应、还是电涡流或者是超声波原理。不太常见的方法包括微米测量,破坏性干膜方法如横切片,和重量(质量)的测量。 1、标准测量单位 在美国粉厚度测量中使用的正常标准单位是密耳;1.0密耳等于千分之一英寸(1/1000英寸)。如果制造商的指定厚度为2.0到5.0密耳,该粉末的较终固化厚度应为0.002英寸和0.005英寸之间。测量的公制单位被称为微米(微米);25.4微米等于1.0密耳。 涂布器必须要均匀地施涂粉末涂料,并且要根据产品规格表。这提供了特定粉末规范的较大利益。大多数厚度检测规范适用于粉末的固化厚度,所以我们看到不同厚度的测量技术开始出现。 2、固化膜厚度测量 千分尺是用于检测DFT的原始仪器之一,并且仍然在今天被应用。它具有测量任何涂层/底材组合的优点,但是存在要求同时测量裸露基材厚度的缺点。必须进行两次测量:一次包含涂层,而另一次没有。两个读数,高度变化之间的差,是涂层厚度。 有两种破坏性的技术也可使用。一个是通过显微镜观察切割切断的截面中的包覆部分并测量膜厚度。另一种是通过固化的涂层使用缩放显微镜查看一个几何切口。当不能使用廉价的,无损的方法,或者当非破坏性结果需要确认时需要使用这方法。 较普遍的测量固化粉末厚度的方法就是使用电子DFT测量仪。它们是手持式、易于操作,并且成本相对较低。它们根据材料的类型选择磁感应、电涡流或超声波原理。 当零件是由钢制成的可使用机械计。其采用较久磁铁和一个校准弹簧。该装置测量将磁铁从涂覆钢表面拉出所需的力。磁拉断计是坚固耐用,操作简单,价格低廉,携带方便,并且通常不需要任何校准调整。它们在一些只需几个读数的生产场合是比较合适且经济的替代方法。 由于具有简单性、多功能性、准确性和具有保持记录功能的原因,电子DFT测量仪器对于大型和小型粉末操作都是非常热门的选择。他们使用磁感应原理测量钢底材,使用电涡流原理测量其他金属底材。有时会集两种原理于一台仪器中。测试的结果直接显示在易于读取的液晶显示屏(LCD)上。多种探头可选择用于测量不规则形状或准确测量非常薄或非常厚的涂层系统。 非金属底材测量如涂覆的塑料或木材要求使用超声波脉冲技术。这为之前行业无法以合理价格进行非破坏性质量控制提供一个可能。这种测量技术的一个好处是在一个多层涂层系统测量所述各个层的可能性。 3、预固化膜厚度测量。 到目前为止讨论的测量方法已经使用在部分固化后的粉末厚度。它也可以,甚至在某些情况下更可取的,在制备后立即测量涂层以预测固化后的粉末涂层的厚度。 如果涂层被不正当地施涂后,校正已经干燥或化学固化需要昂贵的额外的劳动时间,可能会导致膜的污染,并可能引入粘合性和涂层系统的完整性的问题。制备过程中测量膜厚度可确定涂布器是否需要立即校正或调节。 4、干粉末的测量。 虽然大多数粉末涂料规格规定了固化的目标厚度,这可以在较终固化和交联之前确定施涂的粉末是否符合厚度规格。 有很好的理由需要一个准确的固化DFT预测值,尤其是在移动线。取决于烘箱的长度,被固化的部分数量,以及固化过程所需的时间和固化后手动测量DFT值的时间,在操作者为做一些必要的修改而在应用过程中进行干预之前有一个相当充分的延迟时间。 如果发现涂层缺陷,相当大的涂覆部分不得不在一个修配环中重新加工,或者如果重新加工的成本太高,它们甚至可能不得不废弃。对于某些操作,对于满足现代加工程序的要求这些缺点是无法接受的。 在预固化、预凝胶状态时测量粉末确保正确的固化膜厚度。这样能够在固化前对应用系统进行设置和微调。反过来,这将减少废料的数量和过度喷雾情况。准确的预测能够避免剥离和再涂层,不然可能会导致附着力和涂层完整性问题。 ASTM D 7378标准描述了测量涂覆粉末涂层的三个程序: A.硬金属缺口(梳)计 B.带专用粉末探头的电子涂层测量仪器 C.非接触式超声波仪器 金属缺口计。这仪器通过手拖过涂覆的粉末手动地测量厚度。与湿膜测厚仪的工作原理类似,仪器确定的粉末高度值是在做有一个记号的、并且有粉末粘附在上面的较高编号的齿和没有留记号的、没有粉末粘附在上面的第二高的齿之间的高度。这些简单的工具便宜,但只能准确到几密尔。测量能够在一个合适的刚性底材进行,但记号将会在当粉末在固化过程中流动时没有被覆盖的粉末中标记。 电子测量仪。使用专用的粉末探头仪器能够测量涂覆的粉末厚度。内置在探头的微针穿透粉末涂层到底材上。然后将探头手动压在粉末层的表面实现厚度测量。这种方法仅适用于平坦的金属底材并且可能会在较终产品留下痕迹。 上述两种方法仅用于未固化的粉末涂层的高度测量。但如前所述,大部分厚度说明经常是指已固化的粉末厚度。由于粉末涂料通常在固化过程中在厚度减少高达50%,这两个步骤需要为每个特定的涂层粉末建立缩减因子来预测的固化膜厚度。减少因子的确定是通过在已经测量的未固化粉末高度的同一位置测量固化粉末涂层的厚度,然后测量前后两者相减获得。 非接触式超声波仪表。ASTM D 7378的方法C描述了一种相对新型的仪器,这种仪器已迅速成为干粉厚度测量一个流行的解决方案。它是一个超声波仪器能够非破坏性在未固化的粉末上测量来预测较终的DFT值,并且不会留下任何影响成品的痕迹。 这些仪器是手持式和电池供电的,对于大多数粉末是开箱即可用。他们的操作简单和电子设计的特点使得其能够被线路操作者快速且有效地使用。 非接触是涂层厚度测量仪具有无损的决定性优势。这意味着,测量之后,测量的组件可以重新引入到正在进行的进程中。 五、膜厚度测量的准确度 这些仪器都是操作简单的,一个谨慎的用户应该定期验证他们的操作,尤其是当符合国际ISO标准规定程序。这三个步骤确保较佳的精度值。 1、校准 涂层测厚仪的校准通常是有设备制造商在受控环境中进行的一个文件化过程。校准证书显示可朔源到一个国家计量机构就可被发布。重新校准没有标准的时间间隔,也不是一个的要求,但可以在经验和工作环境的基础上建立一个标准的时间间隔。为期1年的校准间隔是许多仪器制造商提出了一个典型的频率。 2、验证 这是一个用户与已知的参考标准进行的准确检查。这个快速的检查能够确保仪器正常测量和用户正确操作它。对于许多测量仪,精度可以通过测量带有可追溯到国家计量机构的分配值的塑料垫片或环氧树脂涂层标准进行验证。 3、调整 调整,或校准调整,是校对测量仪的厚度读数以匹配已知的参考样品,为提高测量仪在其测量范围的特定部分内的一个特定的涂层的准确度的行为。此操作在粉末涂料工业很少需要的,因为在粉末涂层材料中的声学特性变化不大。 六、涂层质量控制 在当今竞争激烈的环境中,客户往往会选择具有坚实的质量控制系统的加工公司。通过在一个有记录和分析DFT结果的简单系统投资,粉末涂布者可以研究趋势,减少成本,并提供客户体现他们能够满足要求的参数的实力资料来留住客户。 一个质量保证(QA)程序是指开发一个简单的程序,要求在每一部分的相同位置进行一定数量的厚度测量。通过记录所有的数值,然后定期进行变化分析,并且采取必要的纠正措施。 通过笔和纸手动收集数据不仅耗时且容易出错,而且会对涂料项目增加显著成本。具有测量结果存储功能的测厚仪消除了这种风险。自动化采集读数的功能是保持成本在控制范围,减少人为错误的较好方法。在数字格式,数据可容易地存储,报告,和输出。

08F钢板

2019-03-19 10:00:29

08F钢板化学成分08F钢板牌号08F钢板化学成分(质量分数)(%)CSiMnCrNiCu≤08F0.05~0.11≤0.030.25~0.500.100.300.25 08F钢板力学性能08F钢板牌号拉力强度MPa屈服点MPa断后伸长率(%)断面收缩率(%)08F2951753560

电镀锌钢板

2017-06-06 17:50:06

电镀锌钢板,是指采用电镀锌工艺镀锌的钢板。与热镀锌钢板相比,镀锌层厚度薄,但成本低。电镀锌也叫冷镀锌,就是利用电解原理,在制件表面形成均匀、致密、结合良好的锌镀层的过程。与其他 金属 相比,锌是相对便宜而又易镀覆的一种 金属 ,属低值防蚀电镀层,被广泛用于保护钢铁件,特别是防止空气氧化腐蚀,并用于装饰。镀锌板是指表面镀有一层锌的钢板。镀锌是一种经常采用的经济而有效的防腐方法。全世界锌 产量 的一半左右均用于此种工艺。镀锌是为防止钢板表面遭受腐蚀延长其使用寿命。镀锌板 市场 概况及生产消费现状近几年,我国镀锌板的生 产量 在逐年增加,出进口量也在逐年增加,增长幅度高于生 产量 的增加;扣除生产重复统计后,镀锌板消费量约为527万吨。1999年以后,进口量超过了生 产量 ,国内产品的自给率不足50%,并且有逐年降低的趋势。镀锌板消费量的增加主要依靠进口。近几年镀锌板进口逐年增长、进口的品种主要是电镀锌板,但电镀锌板进口的比例逐年降低;相应地,热镀锌板进口比例逐年增加,2003年我国热镀锌板的进口量第一次超过了电镀锌板的进口量。电镀锌钢板的特点:用电镀法制造这种镀锌钢板具有良好的加工性,但镀层较薄,耐腐蚀性不如热浸法镀锌板。

花纹钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

patterned section  花纹钢板  花纹钢板表面带有凸起(或凹陷)花纹的钢板。   花纹钢板也称网纹钢板,是其表面具有菱形或突棱的钢板。   花纹可以是单一的菱形、扁豆形或圆豆形,也可以由两种或两种以上花纹适当地组合成为组合型花纹板。   花纹主要起防滑和装饰作用。组合型花纹板的防滑能力、抗弯能力、节约金属量及外观等方面的综合效果,均明显优于单一型花纹板。   花纹钢板广泛用于造船、锅炉、汽车、拖拉机、火车车厢及建筑等行业。   花纹钢板由于其表面有突棱,有防滑作用,可用作地板、厂房扶梯、工作架踏板、船舶甲板、汽车底板等。   花纹钢板用于车间、大型设备或船舶走道和楼梯的踏板,是表面压出菱形或扁豆形花纹的钢板。   钢板是由普通碳素钢1-3号乙类钢生产的,厚度为2.5-8毫米,宽度为600-1800毫米,长度为2000-12000毫米。   花纹钢板的规格以基本厚度(突棱的厚度不计)表示,有2.5-8毫米10种规格。花纹板钢板用1-3号。    花纹钢板用钢牌号按GB/T700(碳素结构钢)、GB/T712(船体用结构钢)和GB/T4171(高耐候性结构钢)的规定供应。   乙类普通碳素结构钢轧制,化学成分符合GB700《普通碳素结构钢技术条件》的规定。    花纹板高不小于基板厚度0.2倍;    花纹钢板按实际重量或理论重量交货;    标记示例:用Q235-A制成的,尺寸为4*1000*4000mm.    圆豆花纹钢板,其标记为:圆豆形花纹钢板Q235-A-4*1000*4000-GB/T 3277-91    菱形花纹钢板,其标记为:菱形花纹钢板板B 3-4*1000*4000-GB 3277-82    钢板以热轧状态交货;花纹钢板表面不得有气泡、结疤、拉裂、折叠和夹杂、钢板不得有分层。    表面质量分为两级:    普通精度:钢板表面允许有薄层氧化铁皮、铁锈、由于氧化铁皮脱落所形成的表面粗糙和高度或深度古超过允许偏差的其他局部缺陷。花纹上允许有不明显的毛刺和高度不超过纹高的个别痕迹。单个缺陷的最大面积不超过纹长的平方。    较高精度:钢板表面允许有薄层氧化铁皮、铁锈和高度或深度不超过厚度公差之半的其他局部缺陷。    花纹完整无损,花纹上允许有高度不超过厚度公差之半的局部的轻微毛刺。型号 尺寸,mm 理论重量h b d kg/m10 100 68 4.5 11.26112.6 126 74 5 14.22314 140 80 5.5 16.8916 160 88 6 20.51318 180 94 6.5 24.14320a 200 100 7 27.92920b 200 102 9 31.06922a 220 110 7.5 33.0722b 220 112 9.5 36.52425a 250 116 8 38.10525b 250 118 10 42.0328a 280 122 8.5 43.49228b 280 124 10.5 47.88832a 320 130 9.5 52.71732b 320 132 11.5 57.74132c 320 134 13.5 62.76536a 360 136 10 30.03736b 360 138 12 65.68936c 360 140 14 71.34140a 400 142 10.5 67.59840b 400 144 12.5 73.87840c 400 146 14.5 80.15845a 450 150 11.5 80.4245b 450 152 13.5 87.48545c 450 154 15.5 94.5550a 500 158 12 93.65450b 500 160 14 101.50450c 500 162 16 109.35456a 560 166 12.5 106.31656b 560 168 14.5 115.10856c 560 170 16.5 123.963a 630 176 13 121.40763b 630 178 15 131.29863c 630 180 17 141.189(12) 120 74 5 13.987(24a) 240 116 8 37.477(24b) 240 118 10 41.245(27a) 270 122 8.5 42.825(27b) 270 124 10.5 47.064(30a) 300 126 9 48.084(30b) 300 128 11 52.794(30c) 300 130 13 57.504(55a) 550 166 12.5 105.335(55b) 550 168 14.5 113.97(55c) 550 170 16.5 122.605注:h-高度;b-腿宽度;d-腰厚度;()表示经供需双方协议可供应()中所规定的工字钢。 热轧槽钢理论重量速查表    (根据GB/T707-1988)型号 尺寸、mm 理论重量h b d kg/m5 50 37 4.5 5.4386.3 63 40 4.8 6.6348 80 43 5 8.04510 100 48 5.3 10.00712.6 126 53 5.5 12.31814a 140 58 6 14.53514b 140 60 8 16.73316a 160 63 6.5 17.2416b 160 65 8.5 19.75218a 180 68 7 20.17418b 180 70 9 2320a 200 73 7 22.63720b 200 75 9 25.77722a 220 77        7 24.99922b 220 79        9 28.45325a 250 78 7 27.4125b 250 80 9 31.33525c 250 82 11 35.2628a 280 82 7.5 31.42728b 280 84 9.5 35.82328c 280 86 11.5 40.21932a 320 90 8 38.08332b 320 88 10 43.10732c 320 90 12 48.13136a 360 92 9 47.81436b 360 96 11 5.46636c 360 98 13 59.11840a 400 100 10.5 58.92840b 400 102 12.5 65.20840c 400 104 14.5 71.488(6.5) 65 40 4.3 6.709(12) 120 53 5.5 12.059(24a) 240 78 7 26.86(24b) 240 80 9 30.628(24c) 240 82 11 34.396(27a) 270 82 7.5 30.838(27b) 270 84 9.5 35.077(27c) 270 86 11.5 39.316(30a) 300 85 7.5 34.463(30b) 300 87 9.5 39.173 花纹板理论重量速查表(根据GB/T3277-1991)基本 理论重量,kg/m²厚度 菱形 扁豆 圆豆2.5 21.6 21.3 21.13 25.6 24.4 24.33.5 29.3 28.4 28.34 33.4 32.4 32.34.5 37.3 36.4 36.25 42.3 40.5 40.25.5 46.2 44.3 44.16 50.1 48.4 48.17 59 52.6 52.48 66.8 56.4 56.2

钢板镀锌

2017-06-06 17:50:09

钢板镀锌是提高钢板耐锈蚀性能、装饰美观的一种工艺手法。目前,最常用的钢板镀锌方法是热镀锌。镀锌钢板是为防止钢板表面遭受腐蚀,延长其使用寿命,在钢板表面涂以一层 金属 锌,这种涂锌的钢板称为镀锌板或镀锌钢板。镀锌钢板广泛用于建筑、轻工、汽车、家电、电子、农牧渔业、商品包装等 行业 。近几年,我国建筑、家电等 行业 对镀锌板需求增长很快, 市场 潜力较大,尤其是近年来随着建筑轻型结构的迅速发展,轿车 产量 的逐年增加,家用电器的广泛普及,合资、独资企业电子产品的大量出口,使镀锌板的消费量增长较快。按生产方式分,镀锌板分为热镀锌板和电镀锌板。目前,国内镀锌板的生产无论是数量还是品种均不能满足 市场 需求,每年需要大量进口,国内镀锌板生产 市场 占有率较低,国内 市场 供不应求, 市场 潜力巨大。热镀锌钢板,将薄钢板浸入熔解的锌槽中,使其表面粘附一层锌的薄钢板。目前主要采用连续镀锌工艺生产,即把成卷的钢板连续浸在熔解有锌的镀槽中制成镀锌钢板;电镀锌钢板,用电镀锌法制造这种镀锌钢板具有良好的加工性。但镀层较薄,耐腐蚀性不如热浸法镀锌板;单面镀和双面差镀锌板,单面镀锌钢板,即只在一面镀锌的产品。在焊接、涂装、防锈处理、加工等方面,具有比双面镀锌板更好的适应性。为克服单面未涂锌的缺点,又有一种在另面涂以薄层锌的镀锌板,即双面差镀锌板;合金化镀锌板,这种钢板也是用热浸镀锌法制造,但在出槽后,立即把它加热到500℃左右,使其生成锌和铁的合金被膜。这种镀锌板具有良好的涂料的密着性和焊接性;合金、复合镀锌板,它是用锌和其他 金属 如铅、锌制成合金乃至复合镀成的钢板。这种钢板既具有卓越的防锈性能,又有良好的涂装性能。国内镀锌钢板生产消费存在的主要问题:生产品种不全;缺少锌合金镀层板;生产规格单一;生 产量 不足,机组能力小。钢板镀锌能有效地延长钢板的腐蚀时间,使得钢板的利用价值得到提升,目前钢材 市场 的镀锌钢板的 价格 也在小幅度的上涨。

钢板常见分类

2019-03-18 11:00:17

钢板是钢材四大品种(板、管、型、丝)之一,在发达国家,钢板产量占钢材生产总量50%以上,随着我国国民经济的发展,钢板生产量逐渐增长。    钢板是一种宽厚比和表面积都很大的扁平钢材。钢板按厚度分为薄板和厚板两大规格。    薄钢板是用热轧或冷轧方法生产的厚度在0.2-4mm之间的钢板。薄钢板宽度在500-1400mm之间。根据不同的用途,薄钢板采用不同材质钢坯轧制而成。通常采用材质有普碳钢、优碳钢、合金结构钢、碳素工具钢、不锈钢、弹簧钢和电工用硅钢等。它们主要用于汽车工业、航空工业、搪瓷工业、电气工业、机械工业等部门。薄钢板除轧制后直接交货之外,还有经过酸洗的、镀锌和镀锡等种类。    厚钢板是厚度在4mm以上的钢板的统称,在实际工作中,常将厚度小于20mm的钢板称为中板,厚度>20mm至60mm的钢板称为厚板,厚度>60mm的钢板则需在专门的特厚板轧机上轧制,故称特厚板。厚钢板的宽度从0.6mm-3.0mm。厚板按用途又分造船钢板、桥梁钢板、锅炉钢板、高压容器钢板、花纹钢板、汽车钢板、装甲钢板和复合钢板等。    钢板的一个分支是钢带,钢带实际上是很长的薄板,宽度比较小,常成卷供应,也称为带钢。钢带常在多机架连续式轧机上生产,切成定尺长度后就是钢带,因此生产率比单张机制时高。    一、中厚板    (一)普通中厚钢板    1、普碳钢沸腾钢板(GB3274-88)    普碳钢沸腾钢板顾名思义是由普通碳素结构钢的沸腾钢热轧制成的钢板。沸腾钢是一种脱氧不完全的钢材,钢液含氧量较高,当钢水注入钢锭模后,碳氧反应产生大量气体,造成钢液呈沸腾状态而得名。沸腾钢含碳量低,且由于不用硅铁脱氧,故钢中含硅量常<0.07%。沸腾钢的外层是在沸腾状态下结晶的,所以表层纯净、致密,表面质量好,加工性能良好。沸腾钢没有大的集中缩孔,用脱氧剂少,钢材成本低。沸腾钢心部杂质多,偏析较严重,力学性能不均匀,钢中气体含量较多,韧性低、冷脆和时效敏感性较大,焊接性能较差,故不适用于制造承受冲击截荷,在低温下工作的焊接结构件和其他重要结构件。    沸腾钢板大量用制造各种冲压件、建筑及工程结构和一些不太重要的机器结构和零件。其材质的牌号、化学成分和力学性能符合GB700-79(88)(普通碳素结构钢技术条件)中沸腾钢的规定。热轧中厚钢板厚度为4.5-200mm。生产单位主要有鞍钢、武钢、马钢、太钢、重庆钢厂、邯郸钢铁总厂、新余钢厂、柳州钢厂、安阳钢钢公司、营口中板厂和天津钢厂等。    2、普碳钢镇静钢板(GB3274-88)    普碳镇静钢钢板是由普通碳素结构钢镇静钢坯热轧制成的钢板。镇静钢是脱氧完全的钢,钢液在注锭前用锰铁、硅铁和铝等进行充分脱氧,钢液在钢锭模中较平静,不产生沸腾状态,故得名为镇静钢。镇静钢的优点是化学成分均匀,所以各部分的机械性能也均匀,焊接性能和塑性良好、抗腐蚀性较强。但表面质量较差,有集中缩孔,成本也较高。    普通镇静钢板主要用于生产在低温下承受冲击的构件、焊接结构及其他要求较高强度的结构件。其材质的牌号、化学成分和力学性能符合GB700-79(88)(普通碳素结构钢技术条件)中镇静钢的规定。钢板的规格尺寸厚度4.5-200mm。生产单位主要有鞍钢、武钢、舞阳钢铁公司、马钢、太钢、重庆钢厂、邯郸钢铁总厂、新余钢厂、柳州钢厂、安阳钢铁公司、天津钢厂、营口中板厂、上钢一、三厂、韶关钢铁厂和济南钢铁厂等。    3、低合金结构钢板(GB3274-88)    低合金结构钢板是由低合金结构钢热轧制成的。低合金钢板都是镇静钢和半镇静钢板。其优点是强度较高、性能较好、能节省大量钢材、减轻结构重量等。低合金结构钢板越来越广泛用于机械制造和金属结构件等。热轧钢板厚度为4.5-200mm。生产单位包括鞍钢、武钢、舞阳钢铁公司、马钢、重庆钢厂、新余钢厂、柳州钢厂、昆明钢铁公司、天津钢厂、韶关特钢厂、安阳钢铁公司、上钢一、三厂和太钢等。    4、一般结构用热连轧钢板(GB2517-81)    主要用于建筑、桥梁、车辆等一般结构。钢板(带)厚度从1.2-13.0mm;宽度从700-1550mm;长度从2000-12000mm。    5、焊接结构用耐候钢板(GB4172-84)    耐候钢即耐大气腐蚀钢。焊接结构用耐候钢是在钢中加入少量的合金元素,如钢、铬、镍、钼、铌、钛、锆和钒等,使其在金属基体表面形成保护层,以提高钢材的耐候性,以及良好的焊接性能。主要用于桥梁、建筑及其他结构。    6、高耐候性结构钢钢板(GB4171-84)    耐候钢即耐大气腐蚀济。在钢中加入少量合金元素,如钢、磷、铬、镍、钼铌、钛、锆和钒等,使在金属基体表面形成保护层面提高钢材的耐候性能。主要适用于建筑、车辆、塔架和其他结构件。    7、花纹钢板(GB3277-82)    花纹钢板是其表面具有菱形或扁豆形突棱的钢板。其规格以其本身厚度(突棱的厚度不计)表示。花纹板具有防滑作用,常用作地板、厂房扶梯、工作架踏板、船舶甲板和汽车底板等。花纹板的材质用普通碳素结构钢的B1、B2和B3牌号钢轧制而成,其化学成分符合GB700-79(普通碳素结构钢技术条件)的规定。生产单位主要有鞍钢和安阳钢铁公司等。    8、桥梁用钢板(YB168-70)    桥梁钢板是专用于架造铁路或公路桥梁的钢板。要求有较高的强度、韧性以及承受机车车辆的载荷和冲击,且要有良好的抗疲劳性、一定的低温韧性和耐大气腐蚀性。拴焊桥梁用钢还应具有良好的焊接性能和低的缺口敏感性。主要用于铁路桥和公路桥其跨度在46-160mm之间的结构件。其规格:厚度从6-50mm、宽度从1.0-2.4mm、长度从2.0-16mm。我国生产桥梁用钢板主要有鞍钢、武钢、上钢三厂和重庆钢厂等单位。    9、船体结构用钢板(GB712-88)    船体结构用钢板简称船用板。由于船舶工作环境恶劣,船体壳要受海水的化学腐蚀、电化学腐蚀和海生物、微生物的腐蚀;船体承受较大的风浪冲击和交变负荷;船舶形状使其加工方法复杂等因素、所以对船体结构用钢要求严格。首先良好的韧性是最关键的要求,此外,要求有较高的强度,良好的耐腐蚀性能、焊接性能,加工成型性能以及表面质量。为保质量和保证有足够的韧性,要求化学成分的Mn/C在2.5以上,对碳当量也有严格要求,并由船检部门认可的钢厂生产。船体用结构钢分一般厚度和高强度钢两种,一般强度钢按质量分A、B、C和D四个等级;高强度钢又分两个强度级别和三个质量等级;AH32、DH32、EH32、AH36、DH36、EH36。    船体结构用钢板主要用于制造远洋、沿海和内河航运船舶的船体、甲板等的钢板。产品规格:厚度4.5-50mm、宽度1.0-2.2mm、长度4.0-12.0m。我国主要由武钢、马钢、上钢一、三厂、太钢、昆明钢铁公司和天津钢厂等生产。    10、锅炉用钢板(GB713-86)    按用途分,锅炉分工业锅炉和电站锅炉用两大类。工业锅炉通常是工业企业用于供热,属小型锅炉,其所用钢材为普通碳素结构钢和低合金结构钢。电站锅炉属大、中型锅炉,对钢材质量有特殊要求,一般要求具有优良综合性能的合金钢来制造。主要用于制作固定锅炉、船体锅炉及其他锅炉重要附件。钢板厚度从6-120mm。生产单位主要有鞍钢、武钢、上钢三厂、舞阳钢铁公司、柳州钢厂、重庆钢厂、太钢、昆明钢铁公司等生产。

65锰钢板价格

2017-06-06 17:49:53

65锰钢板价格,国内65锰钢板仍弱势盘整,市场成交较为冷清,钢厂公布采购价格低且量少,65锰钢板生产厂家信心差,亏损严重,较多地区小企业停炉、大厂选择减产,出口市场仍冷清,国际硅锰价格低于国内报价。国内65锰钢板FeMn65Si17市场出厂综合报价在6700-7100元/吨,FeMn60Si14市场报价在5400-6000元/吨,出口FOB报价在1030-1200美元。国内65锰钢板走势仍无起色,各地硅锰厂家亏损严重,钢厂采购价格低且采量少,虽目前各家报价暂无跌幅,但均表示,由于较多钢厂定价低,市场实际成交价格又有所小幅下调,较多厂家成本高,只能关停炉子,暂时不对外销售,以应对当前弱势。从矿石方面来看,同样受制于成交冷清,价格继续处于弱势,但由于国外矿石报价高,进口锰矿价格暂无太大跌幅,港口贸易商也不敢操作,对于短期内市场,各方均认为,由于整个钢铁体系的走弱,65锰钢板价格较难出现回暖可能,但市场大批硅锰企业关停,现货资源紧张致使个别地区价格小幅上调也不无可能。国内主要市场65锰钢板出厂价格继续持稳,市场成交略有转好。今日湖南地区的主流成交价维持在12300元/吨,部分厂家有12200元/吨的价格出货。目前市场上除重庆秀山地区有厂家陆续复工意以外其他地区产量基本稳定,下游需求近期也无太大的变动,这也是近期65锰钢板价格一直稳定的原因,厂家对后市也是比较茫然。有消息称民营钢厂本月第一次碰头会将于近日进行,本月的产量将成为主要探讨议题,之前外界一直预计本月民营钢厂将会继续减产。65锰钢板出口价格仍在2300美元/左右,尽管市场上询盘有所增加,但采购依然低迷。不过现在不锈钢行业已经开始出现回暖迹象,65锰钢板做为上游原料也会受到影响,不过有一定的滞后性。预计近期65锰钢板价格仍将平稳运行,长期或许有小幅上涨的可能。

电工钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

电工钢板(又称硅钢片、矽钢片)是指一种含碳量极低(经退火后,含碳量在0.005%以下)的硅铁软磁合金,一般硅含量为0.5%~4.5%,铁中加入硅可以提高其电阻率和最大导磁率。主要用来制造各种变压器、电动机和发电机的铁芯。电工钢板分为两大类,即取向电工钢板和无取向电工钢板。 开发电工钢板一种具有高导电性能和高耐蚀性的无铬钢板 ,据说这种无铬耐蚀的高导电性钢板是在其表面上涂复了一层很薄的无铬涂层 ,这种涂层既能提供耐蚀性又提高了其导电性。日本钢公司开发的一种新型电工钢板

镀锌钢板

2017-06-06 17:50:04

镀锌板是为防止钢板表面遭受腐蚀,延长其使用寿命,在钢板表面涂以一层 金属 锌,这种涂锌的钢板称为镀锌板或镀锌钢板。镀锌板广泛用于建筑、轻工、汽车、家电、电子、农牧渔业、商品包装等 行业 。近几年,我国建筑、家电等 行业 对镀锌板需求增长很快, 市场 潜力较大,尤其是近年来随着建筑轻型结构的迅速发展,轿车 产量 的逐年增加,家用电器的广泛普及,合资、独资企业电子产品的大量出口,使镀锌板的消费量增长较快。按生产方式分,镀锌板分为热镀锌板和电镀锌板。目前,国内镀锌板的生产无论是数量还是品种均不能满足 市场 需求,每年需要大量进口,国内镀锌板生产 市场 占有率较低,国内 市场 供不应求, 市场 潜力巨大。镀锌板按生产及加工方法可分为以下几类:①热浸镀锌板将薄钢板浸入熔解的锌槽中,使其表面粘附一层锌的薄钢板。目前主要采用连续镀锌工艺生产,即把成卷的钢板连续浸在熔解有锌的镀槽中制成镀锌钢板;②合金化镀锌板这种钢板也是用热浸镀锌法制造,但在出槽后,立即把它加热到500℃左右,使其生成锌和铁的合金被膜。这种镀锌板具有良好的涂料的密着性和焊接性;③电镀锌板用电镀锌法制造这种镀锌钢板具有良好的加工性。但镀层较薄,耐腐蚀性不如热浸法镀锌板;④单面镀和双面差镀锌板单面镀锌钢板,即只在一面镀锌的产品。在焊接、涂装、防锈处理、加工等方面,具有比双面镀锌板更好的适应性。为克服单面未涂锌的缺点,又有一种在另面涂以薄层锌的镀锌板,即双面差镀锌板;⑤合金、复合镀锌板它是用锌和其他 金属 如铅、锌制成合金乃至复合镀成的钢板。这种钢板既具有卓越的防锈性能,又有良好的涂装性能。镀锌板的外观(1)表面状态:镀锌板由于涂镀工艺中处理方式不同,表面状态也不同,如普通锌花、细锌花、平整锌花、无锌花以及磷化处理的表面等。(2)镀锌板应具有良好的外观,不得有对产品使用有害的缺陷,如无镀、孔洞、破裂以及浮渣、超过镀厚、擦伤、铬酸污垢、白锈等。国外标准对具体外观缺陷规定都不十分明确。国内镀锌板生产消费存在的主要问题1、生 产量 不足,机组能力小2、生产品种、规格、质量有待提高①生产品种不全②生产规格单一③缺少锌合金镀层板④热镀锌板原料自给率低总之,高质量、高档次的热镀锌板,尤其是汽车、家电用镀锌板,要求具有非常高的表面质量、优良的板型、不同的合金化镀层、深冲性能良好、强度高。因此,生产高质量热镀锌板生产是一个系统工程,对冶炼、连铸、热轧、冷轧、镀锌等一系列生产工序均提出质量一贯制的要求,生产难度较大。 

冷轧钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

冷轧钢板就是经过冷轧生产的钢板,俗称冷板。  冷轧是在室温条件下将No.1钢板进一步轧薄至为目标厚度的钢板。和热轧钢板比较,冷轧钢板厚度更加精确,而且表面光滑、漂亮,同时还具有各种优越的机械性能,特别是加工性能方面。因为冷轧原卷比较脆硬,不太适合加工,所以通常情况下冷轧钢板要求经过退火、酸洗及表面平整之后才交给客户。冷轧最大厚度是0.1--8.0MM以下,如大部份工厂冷轧钢板厚度是4.5MM以下;最少厚度、宽度是根据各工厂的设备能力和市场需求而决定。   一般来说,冷轧钢板分为三代产品:沸腾钢为第一代,铝镇静钢为第二代,无间隙原子刚(IF钢)为第三代。   您查询的关键词是:冷轧钢板  。如果打开速度慢,可以尝试快速版;如果想保存快照,可以添加到搜藏。 "冷轧钢板""2,冷轧钢板(YB459-64)""厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.9)",,"厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.9)""0.4","600x1200 700x1430 800x1500 1000x2000","3.56",,"2.5","6000x1200 7000x1430 800x1500 1000x2000","22.25""0.45",,"4.01",,"2.75",,"24.48""0.5",,"4.45",,"3.0",,"26.70""0.6",,"5.34",,"3.5",,"31.50""0.7",,"6.23",,"4.0",,"35.60""0.8",,"7.12",,"4.5",,"40.05""0.9",,"8.01",,"5.0",,"44.50""1.0",,"8.90",,"5.5",,"48.95""1.1",,"9.79",,"6.0",,"53.40""1.2",,"10.68",,"6.5",,"57.85""1.35",,"12.02",,"7.0",,"62.30""1.5",,"13.35",,"7.5",,"66.75""1.65",,"14.60",,"8.0",,"71.20""1.8",,"16.02",,"9.0",,"80.10""2.0",,"17.80",,"10.0",,"89.00""2.25",,"20.03""冷轧铜条""2,冷轧铜条(YB459-64)""厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)",,"厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)""0.20","200~400","500~800","1.78",,"2.50","200~500","500~2000","22.25""0.25",,,"2.23",,"2.75",,,"24.48""0.30",,,"2.67",,"3.00",,"1000~2000","26.70""0.35",,,"3.12",,"3.50",,,"31.15""0.40","200~500","500~2000","3.56",,"4.00",,,"35.60""0.45",,,"4.01",,"4.50",,,"40.05""0.50",,,"4.45",,"5.00",,,"44.50""0.60",,,"5.34",,"5.50",,,"48.95""0.70",,,"6.23",,"6.00",,,"53.40""0.80",,,"7.12",,"6.50",,,"57.85""0.90",,,"8.01",,"7.00",,,"62.30""1.00",,,"8.90",,"8.00",,,"71.20""1.20",,,"10.68",,"9.00",,,"80.10""1.30",,,"11.57",,"10.00",,,"89.00""1.40",,,"12.46",,"11.00",,,"97.90""1.50",,,"13.35",,"12.00",,,"106.8""1.60",,,"14.69",,"13.00",,,"115.7""1.80",,,"16.02",,"14.00",,,"124.6""2.00",,,"17.80",,"15.00",,,"133.5""注 铜板和条(热轧,冷轧)的制造牌号为T2,T3,T4和TU和TUP,其化学成分应符合YB145-71规定""特殊用冷轧黄铜条""3,特殊用冷轧黄铜条(YB555-65)""厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.8)",,"厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.8)""0.20","200~300","500~1000","1.76",,"1.6","200~500","500~2000","14.08""0.25",,,"2.20",,"1.8",,,"15.84""0.30","200~400",,"2.64",,"2.0",,,"17.60""0.35",,,"3.08",,"2.5",,,"22.00""0.40","200~500",,"3.52",,"2.75",,,"24.20""0.45",,,"3.96",,"3.0",,,"26.40""0.50",,"500~2000","4.40",,"3.5",,,"30.80""0.55",,,"4.84",,"4.0",,,"35.20""0.60",,,"5.28",,"4.5",,,"39.60""0.70",,,"6.16",,"5.0",,,"44.00""0.80",,,"7.04",,"5.5",,,"48.40""0.90",,,"7.92",,"6.0",,,"52.80""1.0",,,"8.8",,"6.5",,,"57.20""1.2",,,"10.56",,"7.0",,,"61.60""1.3",,,"11.44",,"8.0",,,"70.40""1.4",,,"12.32",,"9.0",,,"79.20""1.5",,,"13.20",,"10.0",,,"88.00""注 (1)标记举例:用H80制成的,厚度为0.8mm,宽度为300mm,长度为1000mm的1/2硬条标记为:"" 条H80-Y20.8x300x1000YB555-65."" (2)冷轧条分为定尺,倍尺和不定尺三种.""多面体的体积和表面积""多面体的体积和表面积""图形",,"尺寸符号",,"重心(G)""立方体",,,,"在对角线交点上""长方体∧棱柱∨",,,,"G0=h/2""三棱柱",,,,"Go=h/2""棱锥",,,,"Go=h/4""棱台""圆柱和空心圆柱∧管∨",,,,"Go=h/2""斜线直圆柱""直圆锥",,,,"Go=h/4""圆台""球",,,,"在球心上""球扇形∧球楔∨",,,,"Go=3/4(r-h/2)""球缺",,,,"Go=3(2r-h)2/4(3r-h)""圆环体∧胎∨",,,,"在环中心上""球带体",,,,"Go=h1+h/2""桶形",,,,"在轴交点上""椭球体",," a,b,c-半轴",,"在轴交点上""交叉圆柱体",,,,"在二轴交点上""梯形体""常用图形求面积,体积公式""常用图形求面积,体积公式""图形",,"尺寸符号","面积(F) 表面积(S)","重心(G)""正方形",,,,"在对角线交点上""长方形",,,,"在对角线交点上""三角形",,,,"GB=1/3BD CD=DA""平行四边形",,,,"对角线交点上""任意四边形""正多边形",,,,"在o点上""菱形",,,,"在对角线交点上""梯形""圆形",,,,"在圆心上""椭圆形",,"a·b-主轴","F= (π/4) a·b","在主轴交点G上""扇形""弓形""圆环",,,,"在圆心O""部分圆环""新月形",,,,"O1G=(π-P)L/2P","L d/10","2d/10 3d/10 4d/10","5d/10 6d/10 7d/10 ","8d/10 9d/10","P 0.40","0.79 1.18 1.56","1.91 2.25 2.55","2.81 3.02""抛物线形""等多边形",,," "," 在内,外接圆心处""冷轧黄钢板""4,冷轧黄钢板(YB460-71)""厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.5)",,"厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.5)""0.20","200~500 500~600 600~700 700~800 >800","1.70",,"2.00","200~500 500~600 600~700 700~800 >800","17.00""0.25",,"2.13",,"2.25",,"19.13""0.30",,"2.55",,"2.50",,"21.25""0.35",,"2.98",,"2.75",,"23.38""0.40",,"3.40",,"3.00",,"25.50""0.45",,"3.82",,"3.50",,"29.75""0.50",,"4.25",,"4.00",,"34.00""0.60",,"5.10",,"4.50",,"38.20""0.70",,"5.95",,"5.00",,"42.50""0.80",,"6.80",,"5.50",,"46.75""0.90",,"7.65",,"6.00",,"51.00""1.00",,"8.50",,"6.50",,"55.25""1.10",,"9.35",,"7.00",,"59.50""1.20",,"10.20",,"7.50",,"63.75""1.35",,"11.48",,"8.00",,"68.00""1.50",,"12.75",,"9.00",,"76.50""1.65",,"14.03",,"10.00",,"85.00""1.80",,"15.30""注 (1)冷轧软板仅供应H59,H62,H68,H80,H90,H96,HMn58-2,HPb59-1牌号.""(2)冷轧1/2硬板仅供应H62,H65,H68,H90,HMn58-2牌号.""(3)冷轧特硬板仅供应H62牌号.""(4)冷轧板材长度分为:定尺,倍尺和不定尺三种.其通常长度为500~2000mm,但长度不得小于宽度.""特殊用冷轧黄钢板""5,特殊用冷轧黄钢板(YB555-65)""厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.8)",,"厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.8)""0.4","600x1200 700x1430 800x1500 1000x2000","3.52",,"2.25","600x1200 700x1430 800x1500 1000x2000","19.60""0.45",,"3.96",,"2.50",,"22.00""0.50",,"4.40",,"2.75",,"24.20""0.55",,"4.84",,"3.0",,"26.40""0.60",,"5.28",,"3.5",,"30.80""0.70",,"6.16",,"4.0",,"35.20""0.80",,"7.04",,"4.5",,"39.60""0.90",,"7.92",,"5.0",,"44.00""1.0",,"8.80",,"5.5",,"48.40""1.1",,"9.68",,"6.0",,"52.80""1.2",,"10.56",,"6.5",,"57.20""1.35",,"11.88",,"7.0",,"61.60""1.5",,"13.20",,"7.5",,"66.60""1.65",,"14.52",,"8.0",,"70.40""1.8",,"15.84",,"9.0",,"79.20""2.0",,"17.60",,"10.0",,"88.00""注 标记举例:用H90制成的,厚度为2.5mm,宽度为600mm,长度为1200mm的软板标记为:"" 板H90M2.5x600x1200xYB555-65.""铝及铝合金板""6,铝及铝合金板""厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)"0.5,"1.40",,"2.5","7.00",,"9.0","25.2",,"25","70.0"0.6,"1.68",,"3.0","8.40",,"10.0","28.0",,"30","84.0"0.8,"2.24",,"3.5","9.80",,"12.0","33.6",,"35","98.0""1.0","2.80",,"4.0","11.20",,"14.0","39.2",,"40","112.0""1.2","3.36",,"5.0","14.00",,"16.0","44.8",,"50","140.0""1.5","4.20",,"6.0","16.80",,"18.0","50.4",,"60","168.0""1.8","5.04",,"7.0","19.60",,"20.0","56.0",,"70","196.0""2.0","5.60",,"8.0","22.40",,"22.0","61.6",,"80","224.0""注 (1)板的宽度有1000,1200和500mm;板的长度有2000,3000和4000mm."" (2)理论重量按LY11,LY12和LD10等牌号铝合金的比重2.8计算,对于其他牌号的铝合金和工业纯铝,应乘以"" 下列换算系数:LD2-0.961;LF2-0.953;LF21-0.975;LC4-1.018;工业纯铝-0.967.""铅板""7,铅板(GB1470-79)""厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)""1.0","11.37",,"3.0","34.11",,"5.0","56.85",,"9.0","102.33""1.5","17.06",,"3.5","39.80",,"6.0","68.22",,"10.0","113.70""2.0","22.74",,"4.0","45.48",,"7.0","79.59",,"12.0","136.44""2.5","28.43",,"4.5","51.17",,"8.0","90.96",,"16.0","170.55""注 (1)铅的化学成分按GB469-64标准."" (2)板材理论重量按比重为11.34计算,宽度按500mm进张."" (3)板材成卷供应,厚度大于15mm的板材,以片状供应,厚度不大于1.5mm的板材,应用木箱包装.""纯铜带"",纯铜带(YB464-64)""厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (m)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)",,"厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (m)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)""0.05","18~150","≥20","0.44",,"0.50","18~300","≥10","4.45""0.06",,,"0.53",,"0.55",,,"4.90""0.07",,,"0.62",,"0.60",,,"5.34""0.08",,,"0.71",,"0.65",,,"5.79""0.09",,,"0.80",,"0.70",,,"6.23""0.10","18~300",,"0.89",,"0.75",,,"6.68""0.12",,,"1.07",,"0.80",,,"7.12""0.15",,,"1.34",,"0.85",,,"7.57""0.18",,,"1.60",,"0.90",,,"8.01""0.20",,,"1.78",,"1.00",,,"8.90""0.22",,,"1.96",,"1.10",,,"9.79""0.25",,,"2.23",,"1.20",,"≥7","10.68""0.30",,,"2.67",,"1.30",,,"11.57""0.35",,,"3.12",,"14.40",,,"12.46""0.40",,,"3.56",,"1.50",,,"13.35""0.45",,,"4.01""注 纯铜带的制造牌号为T2,T3,T4,TUP,其化学成分符合YB145-71的规定.""铝带""9,铝带""宽 度 (mm)","厚 度 (mm)","3","4","5","6","8","10","12","重 量 (kg/m)""10","0.080","0.107","0.134 0.161 0.268 0.335 0.402 0.536 0.670 0.804 1.072 1.340 1.608","0.161","0.214","0.268","0.322""12","0.096","0.129",,"0.193","0.257","0.322","0.386""15","0.121","0.161",,"0.241","0.322","0.402","0.482""20","0.161","0.214",,"0.322","0.429","0.568","0.643""25","0.201","0.268",,"0.402","0.568","0.670","0.804""30","0.241","0.332",,"0.482","0.643","0.804","0.965""40","0.322","0.429",,"0.643","0.858","1.072","1.286""50","0.402","0.536",,"0.804","1.072","1.340","1.608""60","0.482","0.643",,"0.965","1.286","1.608","1.930""80","0.643","0.858",,"1.286","1.715","2.144","2.573""100","0.804","1.072",,"1.608","2.144","2.680","3.216""120","0.965","1.286",,"1.930","2.573","3.216","3.859""注 表中重量系以LY11,LY12,(比重2.8)为准,其他合金应乘以下列系数:"" L1~L6-0.967;LF2-0.953;LF21-0.975.""热轧铜条""1,热轧铜条(YB459-64)""厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)",,"厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)""4.0","200~500","≥1000","35.60",,"8.0","200~500","≥1000","71.20""4.5",,,"40.05",,"9.0",,,"80.10""5.0",,,"44.05",,"10.0",,,"89.0""5.5",,,"48.95",,"11.0",,,"97.9""6.0",,,"53.40",,"12.0",,,"106.8""6.5",,,"57.85",,"13.0",,,"115.7""7.0",,,"62.30",,"14.0",,,"124.6""7.5",,,"66.75",,"15.0",,,"133.5""英国标准线规(BWG)号数与线径的关系""(二)英国标准线规(BWG)号数与线径的关系""线规号码","in.","mm",,"线规号码","in.","mm",,"线规号码","in.","mm""0","0.324","8.230",,"14","0.080","2.032",,"28","0.0148","0.376""1","0.300","7.020",,"15","0.072","1.829",,"29","0.0136","0.345""2","0.276","7.010",,"16","0.064","1.626",,"30","0.0124","0.315""3","0.252","6.401",,"17","0.056","1.422",,"31","0.0116","0.295""4","0.232","5.893",,"18","0.048","1.219",,"32","0.0108","0.274""5","0.212","5.385",,"19","0.040","1.016",,"33","0.0100","0.254""6","0.192","4.877",,"20","0.036","0.914",,"34","0.0092","0.234""7","0.176","4.470",,"21","0.032","0.813",,"35","0.0084","0.213""8","0.160","4.064",,"22","0.028","0.711",,"36","0.0076","0.193""9","0.144","3.658",,"23","0.024","0.610",,"37","0.0068","0.173""10","0.128","3.251",,"24","0.022","0.559",,"38","0.0060","0.152""11","0.116","2.946",,"25","0.020","0.508",,"39","0.0052","0.132"12,"0.104","2.642",,"26","0.018","0.457",,"40","0.0048","0.122"13,"0.092","2.337",,"27","0.0164","0.417",,"41","0.0044","0.112""刺钢丝""三)刺钢丝规格和重量""说 明 和 用 途",,"钢丝划号 (号)","刺间距离 (mm)","每kg长度 (m)","重量 (kg/km)""刺钢丝又名刺铁丝,俗称"花园铅丝"(因常作花园围墙篱笆之用,故名),系以镀锌钢丝经机器铰缠而成(一般用#12或#14钢丝制作).适于作各种围墙(尤其是公园围墙和临时建筑场地 的围墙)篱笆或障碍物用.",,"12","65","6.4","156",,,"75","7.2","139",,,"100","7.9","127",,,"125","8.6","116",,"14","65","10.9","91.8",,,"75","11.5","86.9",,,"100","13.0","76.9",,,"125","14.0","71.4""注 (1)刺钢丝规格的注写方法为"钢丝直径(号数)x尖数x刺间距离",或"钢丝直径(号数)x刺间距离"."" (2)表列刺钢丝的"每kg长度"和"重量",仅供参考.""刻痕钢丝""四)刻痕钢丝规格和重量""直径 (mm)","断面积 (mm2)","重量 (kg/m)"," 抗 拉 强 度 (kg/mm2)",,"屈 服 强 度 (kg/mm2)",,,"I组","II组","I组","II组""2.5","4.90","0.034","190","160","152","128""3","7.06","0.056","180","150","144","120""4","12.56","0.094","170","140","136","112""5","19.63","0.150","160","130","126","104""注 刻痕钢丝是由预应力混凝土结构用碳素钢丝(冷拔高强度钢丝)在经特制的"刻痕机"进行刻痕而制成的"" 预应力钢筋混凝土结构用的钢丝.""钢丝网""五)钢丝网规格和重量""号数","钢丝直径(mm)","重量(kg/m2)",,"号数","钢丝直径(mm)","重量(kg/m2)",,"号数","钢丝直径(mm)","重量(kg/m2)",,"号数","钢丝直径(mm)","重量(kg/m2)"20,"1.6","1.5",,"6","2.0","6.7",,"2.5","0.7","2.0",,"1","0.3","0.9","3.0","5.1",,"5.5","0.5","0.6",,"2.2","0.45","1.0",,,"0.35","1.2""18","1.6","1.7",,,"1.6","4.7",,,"0.6","1.6",,"0.9","0.25","0.7","3.0","5.7",,,"2.0","7.2",,,"0.8","2.9",,,"0.3","1.0""16","1.6","1.9",,"5","0.7","1.1",,"2","0.4","0.9",,,"0.4","1.6","3.0","6.3",,,"1.4","4.1",,,"0.5","1.3",,"0.8","0.22","0.6""14","1.4","1.7",,,"2.2","8.9",,,"0.6","1.9",,,"0.28","0.9","2.5","4.9",,"4.5","0.5","0.7",,,"1.2","6.0",,,"0.3","1.0""12","1.2","1.4",,,"1.0","2.3",,"1.8","0.4","0.9",,"0.7","0.2","0.6","2.5","5.7",,,"1.8","6.8",,,"0.5","1.4",,,"0.25","0.9""11","1.2","1.5",,"4","0.6","1.0",,,"0.7","2.6",,,"0.30","1.2","2.5","6.1",,,"1.0","2.6",,"1.6","0.3","0.6",,"0.63","0.22","0.7""10","1.0","1.2",,,"1.4","4.8",,,"0.4","1.0",,,"0.25","0.9","2.5","6.6",,"3.5","0.7","1.5",,,"0.45","1.3",,,"0.28","1.2""9","1.0","1.3",,,"1.0","2.9",,"1.4","0.30","0.7",,"0.56","0.22","0.8","2.2","5.7",,,"1.2","4.0",,,"0.35","0.9",,,"0.25","1.0""8","0.7","0.7",,"3.2","0.45","0.7",,,"0.65","2.7",,,"0.28","1.2","1.2","2.1",,,"0.9","2.7",,"1.2","0.28","0.7",,"0.5","0.22","0.9","1.8","4.5",,,"1.2","4.3",,,"0.35","1.0",,,"0.25","1.1""7","0.7","0.8",,"2.8","0.4","0.7",,,"0.4","1.3",,,"0.3","1.5","1.2","2.3",,,"0.7","1.8",,"1.1","0.28","0.7",,"0.45","0.2","0.8","1.8","5.0",,,"1.0","3.6",,,"0.35","1.1",,,"0.25","1.2""6","0.7","0.9",,"2.5","0.4","0.7",,,"0.40","1.4",,,"0.2","0.9","1.2","2.7",,,"0.5","1.1",,"1","0.25","0.7",,"0.4","0.25","1.3""钢板网""六)钢板网规格和重量""品 种","规 格 (mm)",,,,,,"每张大约重量(kg)","生产单位","丝梗厚度 h","孔眼宽度 T","丝梗宽度 b","节 距 t","网面宽度 B","网面长度 L""小","0.5","9","1","25","1800","600","0.875","上海中国钢板网厂",,,,,"2000",,"0.875","0.6","9","1","25","1800","600","1.000",,,,,"2000",,"1.125","0.7","9","1","25","1800","600","1.125",,,,,"2000",,"1.250""网","0.75","9","1","25","1800","600","1.250",,,,,"2000",,"1.375","0.8","9","1","25","1800","600","1.375",,,,,"2000",,"1.500","1","9","1","25","1500","600","1.625",,,,,"1800",,"1.875",,,,,"2000",,"2.125""大","0.5","7","1.2","2.5","1800","2800","5.85","上海中国钢板网厂","1","7","1.2","25","1800","2800","11.70",,"9","1.2","25","1500","3000","7.95",,,,,"1800","3600","11.70",,"9","1.1","25","2000","4000","14.76",,"11","1.6","40","1800","3600","11.70",,,,,"2000","4000","14.60","1.2","7","1.2","25","1800","2800","14.04",,"9","1.2","25","1800","3600","14.04",,,"1.1","25","2000","4000","17.71",,"11","1.6","40","1800","3600","14.04""网",,,,,"2000","4000","17.71","1.5","11","1.6","40","1800","3600","17.55",,"17","2.3","65","2000","4000","22.14","2","17","2.3","65","1500","3000","15.90",,,,,"1800","3600","23.41",,,,,"2000","4000","29.52",,"22","3.0","75","1500","3000","15.90",,,,,"1800","3600","23.41",,,,,"2000","4000","29.52",,"27","3.8","100","2000","4000","29.52","3","36","4.6","115","2000","4000","44.28",,"45","6.1","150""钢丝纱""七)钢丝纱(窗纱)规格和重量""规 格","面 积(m2/卷)","重 量",,"(kg/卷)","(kg/m2)""14目3x100","27.87","12.5","0.448""14目4x100","37.16","16.6","0.448""16目3x100",27.87,13.5,"0.484""16目4x100",37.16,"18.0","0.484""紫铜丝布""(八)紫铜丝布(紫铜纱)规格和重量""网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)",,"网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)",,"网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)""8","22","2.691",,"30","30","2.5116",,"65","36","1.9734""10","24","2.691",,"35","31","1.9734",,"70","36","1.9734""12","24","3.0498",,"40","32","1.9734",,"75","37","1.9734""16","26","2.1528",,"45","33","1.9734",,"80","37","1.9734""20","27","2.1528",,"50","34","1.9734",,"100","39","1.7940""24","30","2.1528",,"55","35","1.9734""28","30","2.3322",,"60","35","1.7940""黄铜丝布""(九)黄铜丝布(黄铜纱)规格和重量""网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)",,"网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)",,"网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)""8","24","1.5787",,"24","34","0.8611",,"50","38","0.6458""10","26","1.2375",,"26","34","0.8252",,"60","41","0.3947""12","27","1.2558",,"28","36","0.5386",,"70","42","0.3347""14","27","1.3276",,"30","36","0.5741",,"80","43","0.3767""16","32","0.6100",,"32","36","0.6100",,"90","43","0.4306""18","33","0.6100",,"34","36","0.6279",,"100","43","0.5023""20","33","0.7176",,"36","36","0.7176",,"110","44","0.3347""22","33","0.8611",,"40","36","0.4844",,"120","44","0.4485""铝及铝合金直角角型材""1,铝及铝合金直角角型材(XC111)""序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,"截面面积(mm2)","理论重量(kg/m)",,"序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,"截面面积(mm2)","理论重量(kg/m)",,"序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,"截面面积(mm2)","理论重量(kg/m)","H=B","b",,,,,"H=B","b",,,,,"H=B","b"1,"12","1","0.234","0.065",,"25","25","1.3","0.734","0.204",,"49","38.3","5","3.590","0.998"2,"12","2","0.440","0.122",,"26","25","1.6","0.777","0.216",,"50","38.3","6.3","4.444","1.235"3,"12.5","1.6","0.377","0.105",,"27","25","2","0.964","0.268",,"51","40","2","1.564","0.435"4,"15","1","0.294","0.082",,"28","25","2.5","1.189","0.331",,"52","40","2.5","1.944","0.540"5,"15","1.2","0.353","0.098",,"29","25","3","1.410","0.392",,"53","40","3","2.320","0.645"6,"15","1.5","0.434","0.121",,"30","25","3.2","1.509","0.429",,"54","40","3.5","2.671","0.743"7,"15","2","0.564","0.157",,"31","25","3.5","1.641","0.456",,"55","40","3.5","2.694","0.749"8,"15","3","0.820","0.223",,"32","25","4","1.857","0.516",,"56","40","4","3.057","0.850"9,"16","1.6","0.429","0.119",,"33","25","5","2.242","0.623",,"57","40","5","3.750","1.043"10,"16","2.4","0.726","0.202",,"34","27","2","1.041","0.289",,"58","45","4","3.475","0.961"11,"18","1.5","0.524","0.146",,"35","27","2","1.090","0.303",,"59","45","5","4.277","1.189"12,"18","2","0.684","0.190",,"36","30","1.5","0.884","0.246",,"60","50","3","2.920","0.812"13,"19","1.6","0.585","0.163",,"37","30","2","1.164","0.324",,"61","50","4","3.857","1.072"14,"19","2.4","0.861","0.239",,"38","30","2.5","1.438","0.400",,"62","50","5","4.777","1.328"15,"19","3.2","1.125","0.313",,"39","30","3","1.720","0.478",,"63","50","6","5.655","1.572"16,"20","1","0.397","0.110",,"40","30","4","2.240","0.623",,"64","50","6.5","6.110","1.699"17,"20","1.2","0.473","0.131",,"41","32","2.4","1.491","0.415",,"65","50","12","10.600","2.947"18,"20","1.5","0.584","0.162",,"42","32","3.2","1.957","0.554",,"66","60","5","5.777","1.606"19,"20","2","0.764","0.212",,"43","32","3.5","2.131","0.592",,"67","60","6","6.855","1.906"20,"20","3","1.140","0.137",,"44","32","6.5","3.723","1.036",,"68","75","7","10.010","2.783"21,"20","4","1.475","0.410",,"45","35","3","2.005","0.557",,"69","75","8","11.360","3.158"22,"20.5","1.6","0.633","0.176",,"46","35","4","2.657","0.739",,"70","75","10","14.000","3.892"23,"23","2","0.680","0.245",,"47","38","2.4","1.773","0.498",,"71","90","5","8.750","2.433"24,"25","1.2","0.597","0.166",,"48","38.3","3.5","2.562","0.712",,"72","90","8","13.760","3.825""注 (1)铝及铝合金型材的尺寸,规格等摘自冶金工业部1970年颁发的《铝及铝镁合金挤压型材》."" (2)表内理论重量均按LY12合金比重(2.78)进行计算,其他材料的比重及换算系数如下:L1~L7(2.71)-0.975;"" LF2(2.68)-0.964;LF11(2.65)-0.953;LF21(2.73)-0.982;LD2(2.70)-0.971;"" LY11(2.80)-1.007;LY12(2.78)-1.000."" (3)铝型材主要生产单位有哈尔滨和西北铝加工厂等.西北铝加工厂的产品断面为100~400cm2,宽度小于530mm."" (4)铝及铝合金型材规格的表示方法是型材类别组号加序号,如XC111-4,其中,XC表示型材,后面的数字依次为"" 类别,组号,连字符后的数字为顺序号.""铝及铝合金直丁字型材""2,铝及铝合金直丁字型材(XC211)""序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)",,"序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)","H","B","b",,,,,"H","B","b"1,"15","25","1","0.405","0.113",,"34","32","45","3","2.259","0.628"2,"19","50","2","1.378","0.383",,"35","32","48","2.4","1.874","0.521"3,"20","20","2","0.760","0.211",,"36","32","50","3","2.423","0.674"4,"20","30","1.5","0.740","0.206",,"37","35","32","1.5","1.000","0.278"5,"20","35","2","1.060","0.295",,"38","35","35","4","2.713","0.754"6,"20","37","2","1.117","0.311",,"39","35","40","2","1.468","0.408"7,"20","42","2","1.200","0.334",,"40","37","42","2","1.500","0.417"8,"20","42","2","1.240","0.345",,"41","38","44","5","3.910","1.087"9,"20","45","2","1.860","0.517",,"42","38","50","3.5","3.026","0.841"10,"20","90","2","2.160","0.600",,"43","38","50","4.8","3.990","1.109"11,"21","53","1.8","1.300","0.361",,"44","39","75","5","5.510","1.532"12,"22","48","1.4","1.960","0.267",,"45","40","36","5","3.350","0.933"13,"25","29","1.6","0.847","0.25",,"46","40","45","3","2.479","0.689"14,"25","35","1.5","0.890","0.247",,"47","40","45","4","3.274","0.910"15,"25","38","2.5","1.510","0.420",,"48","40","68","3","3.300","0.917"16,"25","40","2","1.280","0.356",,"49","40","130","6","9.840","2.736"17,"25","45","2.5","1.726","0.480",,"50","42","64","4","4.100","1.140"18,"25","45","3","2.019","0.561",,"51","45","40","2.2","1.860","0.517"19,"25","45","4","2.708","0.753",,"52","50","70","4","4.640","1.300"20,"25","48","1.4","1.012","0.288",,"53","51","51","2.4","2.443","0.679"21,"25","48","1.5","1.082","0.301",,"54","54","50","3","3.040","0.845"22,"25","50","2","1.499","0.417",,"55","54","68","3","3.608","1.003"23,"25","50","2.5","1.851","0.515",,"56","64","50","5","5.781","1.607"24,"26","38","2.5","1.554","0.432",,"57","63","50","2","2.320","0.645"25,"27","70","2","1.920","0.534",,"58","70","37","2","2.100","0.584"26,"29","38","1.6","1.055","0.293",,"59","70","55","2","2.460","0.684"27,"29","58","2.5","2.180","0.606",,"60","74","66","6","8.080","2.246"28,"29","58","3.5","2.991","0.831",,"61","75","40","3","3.400","0.945"29,"30","40","1.5","1.040","0.289",,"62","80","50","2","2.560","0.712"30,"30","40","2","1.370","0.381",,"63","80","60","3","4.110","1.143"31,"30","45","3","2.150","0.597",,"64","83","50","3","3.953","1.099"32,"30","56","4","3.280","0.912",,"65","90","77","10","15.700","4.365"33,"30","68","6.5","6.100","1.696""热轧铜板""1,热轧铜板(YB459-64)""厚度(mm)","宽 度 (mm)",,,,,,,,"理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)","600~900","1000~1200","1300~1500","1600~1800","1900~2200","2300~2500","2600~2800","2900~3000","最 大 长 度 (mm)""5.0","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"44.50""5.5","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"48.95""6.0","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"53.40""6.5","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"57.85""7.0","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"62.30""7.5","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"66.75""8.0","4000","5000","6000","5500","4800","4200","3700","3500","71.20""9.0","4000","5000","6000","5000","4200","3700","3300","3100","80.10""10.0","4000","5000","5500","4500","3800","3300","3000","3000","89.0""11.0","4000","5000","5000","4000","3400","3300","2800",,"97.9""12.0","4000","5000","4500","3800","3100","2800",,,"106.8""13.0","4000","5000","4000","3600","2900",,,,"115.7""14.0","4000","4500","3800","3300","2700",,,,"124.6""15.0","4500","4300","3600","3100","2500",,,,"133.5""16.0","4500","4300","3400","2000","2400",,,,"142.4""17.0","4500","4000","3200","2700","2200",,,,"151.3""18.0","4500","3900","3000","2600",,,,,"160.2""19.0","4500","3700","2800","2400",,,,,"169.1""20.0","4500","3500","2600","2300",,,,,"178.0""21.0","4000","3300","2500","2200",,,,,"186.9""22.0","4000","3000","2400","2100",,,,,"195.8""23.0","4000","3000","2400","2000",,,,,"204.7""24.0","3500","2800","2200","1900",,,,,"213.6""25.0","3500","2800","2000","1800",,,,,"222.5""注 热轧板的宽度按100mm进级.""铝及铝合金等边等壁工字型材""4,铝及铝合金等边等壁工字型材(XC511)""序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积 (mm2)","理论重量 (kg/m)","H","B","b"1,"23","38","1.2","1.178","0.327"2,"26","34.5","3.5","3.157","0.875"3,"57","48","8","11.000","3.058"4,"68","38","2.5","3.509","0.976"5,"86","60","6","11.600","3.225""铝及铝合金等边等壁Z字形型材""4,铝及铝合金等边等壁Z字形型材(XC411)""序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)",,"序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)","H","B","b",,,,,"H","B","b"1,"12.7","15.9","1.6","0.688","0.191",,11,"38","25","3","2.613","0.726"2,"20","15","1.2","0.578","0.163",,12,"44","25","4","3.690","1.001"3,"20","15","1.5","0.721","0.200",,13,"50","19","2.5","2.102","0.584"4,"25","18","1.5","0.885","0.246",,14,"80","30","3","4.020","1.118"5,"25","23","3.5","2.267","0.630",,15,"80","35","4","5.680","1.579"6,"31","25","2.5","1.900","0.528",,16,"80","40","4","6.080","1.690"7,"32","14","1.9","1.000","0.303",,17,"100","30","3","4.620","1.284"8,"34","25","3.5","2.764","0.768",,18,"100","35","4","6.480","1.801"9,"36","26","2.5","2.075","0.577",,19,"100","40","4","6.880","1.913"10,"36","31.5","3.2","2.960","0.823""铝及铝合金槽形型材""3,铝及铝合金槽形型材(XC311)""序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)",,"序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)","H","B","b",,,,,"H","B","b"1,"13","13","1.6","0.561","0.156",,"31","45","40","3","3.638","1.011"2,"13","34","3.5","2.579","0.717",,"32","46","25","5","4.300","1.195"3,"20","15","1.3","0.620","0.172",,"33","50","20","4","5.331","0.926"4,"21","28","4","2.868","0.797",,"34","50","30","2","2.120","0.589"5,"25","13","2.4","1.134","0.315",,"35","50","30","4","4.131","1.148"6,"25","15","1.5","0.795","0.221",,"36","55","25","5","4.819","1.340"7,"25","18","1.5","0.870","0.242",,"37","55","30","3","3.299","0.917"8,"25","18","2","1.140","0.317",,"38","60","25","4","4.131","1.148"9,"25","20","2.5","1.520","0.423",,"39","60","35","5","6.000","1.668"10,"25","20","4","2.280","0.634",,"40","60","40","4","4.480","1.245"11,"25","25","5","3.250","0.904",,"41","63","38.3","4.8","6.275","1.744"12,"30","15","1.5","0.870","0.242",,"42","64","38","4","5.300","1.473"13,"30","18","1.5","0.960","0.267",,"43","70","25","3","3.449","0.959"14,"30","20","2","1.335","0.371",,"44","70","25","5","5.500","1.529"15,"30","22","6","3.870","1.076",,"45","70","26","3.2","3.700","1.028"16,"32","25","1.8","1.437","0.399",,"46","70","30","4","4.931","1.371"17,"32","25","2.5","1.925","0.535",,"47","70","40","5","7.080","1.968"18,"35","20","2.5","1.770","0.492",,"48","75","45","5","7.831","2.177"19,"35","30","2","1.833","0.510",,"49","80","30","4.5","6.010","1.671"20,"38","50","5","6.560","1.824",,"50","80","35","4.5","6.414","1.783"21,"40","18","2","1.453","0.404",,"51","80","35","6","8.280","2.302"22,"40","18","2.5","1.795","0.499",,"52","80","40","4","6.131","1.704"23,"40","18","3","2.129","0.592",,"53","80","40","6","8.900","2.474"24,"40","21","4","2.960","0.823",,"54","80","60","4","7.480","2.079"25,"40","25","2","1.730","0.481",,"55","90","50","6","10.680","2.969"26,"40","25","3","2.549","0.709",,"56","100","40","6","10.080","2.802"27,"40","30","3.5","3.250","0.904",,"57","100","48","6.3","11.550","3.211"28,"40","32","3","2.978","0.828",,"58","100","50","5","9.580","2.663"29,"40","50","4","5.280","1.468",,"59","128","40","9","17.100","4.754"30,"45","20","3","2.370","0.659""冷拔(轧)无缝钢管1""2,冷拔(轧)无缝钢管(YB231-70)""外径 (mm)","壁 厚 (mm)","0.25","0.30","0.40","0.50","0.60","0.80","1.0","1.2",1.4,"1.5",1.6,1.8,"2.0","2.2","2.5","2.8","3.0","3.2","3.5","4.0","4.5","5.0","钢 管 理 论 重 量 (kg/m)""50",,,,,,,"1.21","1.44","1.68","1.79","1.91","2.14","2.37","2.59","2.93","3.25","3.48","3.70","4.01","4.54","5.05","5.55""(51)",,,,,,,"1.23","1.47","1.71","1.83","1.96","2.18","2.42","2.64","2.99","3.32","3.55","3.79","4.10","4.64","5.16","5.67""53",,,,,,,"1.28","1.53","1.78","1.91","2.03","2.27","2.52","2.76","3.11","3.46","3.70","3.94","4.27","4.83","5.38","5.92""(54)",,,,,,,"1.31","1.59","1.82","1.94","2.07","2.31","2.56","2.81","3.18","3.53","3.77","4.02","4.36","4.93","5.49","6.04""56",,,,,,,"1.36","1.62","1.89","2.02","2.15","2.40","2.66","2.92","3.30","3.66","3.92","4.17","4.53","5.13","5.71","6.29""(57)",,,,,,,"1.38","1.65","1.92","2.05","2.18","2.45","2.71","2.97","3.36","3.74","4.00","4.25","4.62","5.23","5.83","6.41""60",,,,,,,"1.46","1.74","2.02","2.16","2.31","2.58","2.86","3.13","3.55","3.94","4.22","4.49","4.88","5.52","6.16","6.78""63",,,,,,,"1.53","1.83","2.13","2.27","2.42","2.71","3.01","3.30","3.72","4.15","4.44","4.73","5.13","5.81","6.49","7.14""65",,,,,,,"1.58","1.89","2.20","2.35","2.50","2.80","3.11","3.40","3.85","4.29","4.59","4.89","5.31","6.02","6.71","7.40""(68)",,,,,,,"1.65","1.98","2.36","2.46","2.62","2.93","3.26","3.57","4.04","4.49","4.81","5.12","5.57","6.31","7.05","7.77""70",,,,,,,"1.70","2.03","2.37","2.53","2.70","3.02","3.35","3.68","4.16","4.36","4.96","5.23","5.74","6.51","7.27","8.01""(73)",,,,,,,"1.78","2.12","2.47","2.64","2.82","3.16","3.50","3.84","4.35","4.84","5.18","5.52","6.00","6.81","7.60","8.38""75",,,,,,,"1.82","2.18","2.54","2.71","2.90","3.24","3.60","3.95","4.46","4.97","5.32","5.68","6.17","7.00","7.82","8.62""(76)",,,,,,,"1.85","2.21","2.57","2.76","2.94","3.29","3.65","4.00","4.53","5.05","5.40","5.75","6.26","7.10","7.93","8.75""80",,,,,,,,,"2.71","2.90","3.09","3.47","3.84","4.22","4.77","5.32","5.69","6.07","6.60","7.49","8.37","9.24""(83)",,,,,,,,,"2.82","3.02","3.21","3.60","4.00","4.37","4.96","5.52","5.92","6.31","6.86","7.79","8.71","9.62""85",,,,,,,,,"2.88","3.08","3.29","3.69","4.09","4.48","5.08","5.66","6.06","6.46","7.04","7.98","8.93","9.83""(89)",,,,,,,,,"3.02","3.24","3.45","3.86","4.29","4.70","5.33","5.94","6.36","6.77","7.38","8.38","9.38","10.33""90",,,,,,,,,"3.05","3.27","3.49","3.91","4.34","4.76","5.39","6.01","6.43","6.86","7.47","8.47","9.49","10.47""95",,,,,,,,,"3.21","3.46","3.68","4.13","4.59","5.02","5.70","6.36","6.81","7.26","7.90","8.98","10.04","11.10"100,,,,,,,,,"3.40","3.64","3.88","4.35","4.83","5.30","6.00","6.70","7.17","7.65","8.32","9.46","10.59","11.70""(102)",,,,,,,,,"3.46","3.73","3.97","4.45","4.93","5.40","6.13","6.84","7.32","7.81","8.50","9.67","10.82","11.96""(108)",,,,,,,,,"3.67","3.95","4.21","4.72","5.23","5.74","6.50","7.25","7.77","8.29","9.02","10.26","11.49","12.70"110,,,,,,,,,"3.74","4.03","4.28","4.81","5.32","5.84","6.62","7.39","7.92","8.43","9.19","10.46","11.70","12.93"120,,,,,,,,,,"4.36","4.66","5.25","5.83","6.38","7.24","8.07","8.66","9.22","10.06","11.44","12.93","14.30"125,,,,,,,,,,,,"5.46","6.06","6.64","7.54","8.42","9.02","9.61","10.50","11.91","13.37","14.80"130,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"7.86","8.78","9.40","10.00","10.92","12.43","13.92","15.48""(133)",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"8.05","8.98","9.59","10.25","11.18","12.75","14.26","15.75"140,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"10.11","10.79","11.80","13.42","15.05","16.65"150,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"10.85","11.52","12.65","14.39","16.11","17.85"160,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"13.53","15.38","17.25","19.09"170,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"14.31","16.31","18.35","20.30"180,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"15.20","17.30","19.50","21.59"190,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"18.29","20.60","22.80"200,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"19.67","21.65","24.00""冷拔(轧)无缝钢管2""2,冷拔(轧)无缝钢管(YB231-70)""外径 (mm)","壁 厚 (mm)","3.0","3.2","3.5","4.0","4.5","5.0","5.5","6.0","6.5","7.0","7.5","8.0","8.5","9","9.5","10",11,12,"钢 管 理 论 重 量 (kg/m)""5""6""7""8""9""10","0.518","0.536","0.561""11","0.592","0.615","0.647""12","0.666","0.694","0.734","0.789""(13)","0.740","0.774","0.820","0.888""14","0.814","0.852","0.906","0.986""(15)","0.888","0.932","0.993","1.09","1.17","1.23""16","0.962","1.10","1.08","1.18","1.28","1.35""(17)","1.04","1.09","1.17","1.28","1.39","1.48""18","1.11","1.17","1.25","1.38","1.50","1.60""(19)","1.18","1.25","1.34","1.48","1.61","1.73","1.54","1.92""20","1.26","1.33","1.42","1.58","1.72","1.85","1.97","2.07""(21)","1.33","1.41","1.51","1.68","1.83","1.97","2.10","2.22""22","1.41","1.49","1.60","1.77","1.94","2.10","2.24","2.37""(23)","1.48","1.57","1.68","1.87","2.05","2.22","2.37","2.52""(24)","1.55","1.64","1.77","1.97","2.16","2.34","2.51","2.66","2.81","2.93""25","1.63","1.72","1.86","2.07","2.28","2.47","2.64","2.81","2.97","3.11""(27)","1.78","1.88","2.03","2.27","2.50","2.71","2.92","3.11","3.29","3.45""28","1.85","1.96","2.11","2.37","2.61","2.84","3.05","3.26","3.45","3.68""29","1.92","2.02","2.20","2.47","2.72","2.96","3.19","3.40","3.60","3.80","3.98""30","2.00","2.12","2.29","2.56","2.83","3.08","3.32","3.55","3.77","3.97","4.16","4.34""32","2.15","1.28","2.46","2.76","3.05","3.33","3.59","3.85","4.09","4.32","4.53","4.74""34","2.29","2.43","2.63","2.96","3.27","3.58","3.87","4.14","4.41","4.66","4.90","5.13""(35)","2.37","2.51","2.72","3.06","3.38","3.70","4.00","4.29","4.57","4.83","5.09","5.33""36","2.44","2.59","2.81","3.16","3.50","3.82","4.14","4.44","4.73","5.01","5.27","5.52""38","2.59","2.75","2.98","3.35","3.72","4.07","4.41","4.74","5.05","5.35","5.64","5.92","6.18","6.44""40","2.74","2.91","3.15","3.55","3.94","4.32","4.68","5.03","5.37","5.70","6.01","6.31","6.60","6.88""42","2.89","3.07","3.32","3.75","4.16","4.56","4.95","5.33","5.69","6.04","6.38","6.71","7.02","7.32""44.5","3.07","3.25","3.54","4.00","4.44","4.87","5.29","5.70","6.09","6.47","6.84","7.20","7.55","7.88""45","3.11","3.31","3.58","4.04","4.49","4.93","5.36","5.77","6.17","6.56","6.94","7.30","7.65","7.99","8.32","8.63""48","3.33","3.54","3.84","4.34","4.83","5.30","5.76","6.21","6.65","7.08","7.49","7.89","8.28","8.66","9.03","9.57""水,煤气输送钢管""1,水,煤气输送钢管规格,重量表[冶标(YB)234-63]""公称内径",,"钢 管 螺 纹",,"外径 (mm)","普通管",,"加厚管""mm","(in.)",,"壁厚 (mm)","理论重量 (不计管接头) (kg/m)","壁厚 (mm)","理论重量 (不计管接头) (kg/m)""6","1/8''","10","2","0.89","2.50","0.46""8","1/4''","13.5","2.25","0.62","2.75","0.73""10","3/8''","17","2.25","0.82","2.75","0.97""15","1/2''","21.25","2.75","1.25","3.25","1.44""20","3/4''","26.75","2.75","1.63","3.5","2.01""25","1''","33.5","3.25","2.42","4","2.91""32","1 1''/4","42.25","3.25","3.13","4","3.77""40","1 1''/2","48","3.5","3.84","4.25","4.58""50","2''","60","3.5","4.88","4.5","6.16""70","2 1''/2","75.5","3.75","6.64","4.5","7.88""80","3''","88.5","4","8.34","4.75","9.81""100","4''","114","4","10.85","5","13.44""125","5''","140","4.5","15.04","5.5","18.24""150","6''","165","4.5","17.81","5.5","21.63""注(1)表列钢管是适用于输送水,煤气及采暖系统等用的钢管.分镀锌和不镀锌(黑管)两种;又分带螺纹和"" 不带螺纹两种;按壁厚可分为普通钢管,加厚钢管和薄壁钢管."" (2)钢管的长度规定为:无螺纹的黑管4~12m;带螺纹的黑管和镀锌管4~9m.每批允许有10%的(按根数计算)"" 2~4m长的短尺钢管或4~9m米长的接管(即用一个管接头将两根钢管连接而成)."" (3)经供需双方协议,可供应定尺长度或倍尺长度的钢管.其最大长度可到8m.按倍尺交货的钢管,每个单"" 倍尺应留切口5~10mm."" (4)钢管用易焊接的软钢制造,钢号和制造方法(炉焊或电焊)均由制造厂选择."" (5)钢管应能承受下列规定压力的水压试验:普通钢管和薄壁钢管:20kg/cm2;加厚钢管30kg/cm2.""电丝套管""2,电丝套管规格,重量表""名称","外径 (mm)","近似内径 (mm)","管壁厚度 (mm)","重量 (kg/m)","每吨长度 (m/t)""5/8''","15.9","12.3","1.8","0.626","1597.44""3/4''","19.1","15.5","1.8","0.627","1302.08""1''","25.4","21.8","1.8","0.628","954.20""1 1''/4","31.8","28.2","1.8","0.629","750.75""1 1''/2","38.1","34.5","1.8","0.630","620.73""电焊钢管""电焊钢管规格,重量表[冶标(YB)242-68]""外径 (mm)","壁 厚 (mm)",0.5,0.6,0.8,"1.0","1.2","1.4","1.5","1.6","1.8","2.0","2.2","2.5","2.8","3.0","3.2","3.5","3.8","4.0",4.2,4.5,4.8,"5.0",5.5,"钢 管 的 理 论 重 量 (kg/m)""(5)","0.055","0.065","0.083","0.099""(6)","0.068","0.080","0.108","0.123""(7)","0.080","0.095","0.122","0.148""(8)","0.092","0.110","0.142","0.173","(0.202)""(9)","0.105","0.125","0.162","0.197","0.231""10","0.117","0.139","0.182","0.222","(0.261)""(11)","0.129","0.154","0.201","0.247","0.290""12","0.142","0.169","0.221","0.271","0.320","0.365","(0.388)","0.411""(13)",,"0.184","0.241","0.296","0.349","0.400","0.425","0.451""(14)",,"0.199","0.260","0.321","0.379","0.434","0.462","0.490""15",,"0.214","0.280","0.345","0.409","0.468","(0.499)","0.529""16",,"0.228","0.300","0.370","0.438","0.503","(0.536)","0.568""(17)",,"0.244","0.320","0.395","0.468","0.537","0.573","0.608""18",,"0.258","0.340","0.419","0.497","0..572","(0.610)","0.647","(0.717)","(0.789)""(19)",,"0.274","0.359","0.444","0.527","0

镀铝锌钢板

2017-06-06 17:50:03

镀铝锌钢板镀铝锌钢板是日常生活中经常应用到的一种重要的合金材料。镀铝锌钢板是铝锌合金结构组成,由55%铝、43%锌与2%硅在600℃高温下凝固而组成,其整个结构由铝-铁-硅-锌,形成致密的四元结晶体的一种合金。镀铝锌钢板发展沿革  1965年 伯利恒( BIEC International Inc)开发及注册专利   1972年 美国伯利恒钢铁 最初 商业生产   相关适用标准:ASTM A792/M ; JIS G3321; BS EN 10215-1995; GB/T 14978-2008镀铝锌钢板特性  镀铝锌钢板具有不少优良的特性:耐腐蚀性:  “镀铝锌钢卷”的耐腐蚀性主要是因为铝,铝的保护功能。当锌受到磨损时,铝便形成一层致密的氧化铝,阻止耐腐蚀性物质进一步的腐蚀内部。耐热性:  铝锌合金钢板具有良好的耐热性,可以承受300多摄食度的高温,与镀铝钢板的抗高温氧化性很类似,经常应用于   烟囱管,烤箱、照明器器和日光灯罩。热反射性:  镀铝锌钢板的热反射率很高,是镀锌钢板的两倍 ,人们经常用它来作隔热的材料。经济性:  因为55%AL-Zn的密度比Zn的密度小,所以在重量相同和镀金层厚度相同的情况下, 镀铝锌钢板比镀钢板的面积大3%以上。镀铝锌钢板的应用用途  建筑:屋顶、墙壁、车库、隔音墙、管道和组合式房屋等   汽车:消声器、排气管、雨刷附件、燃料箱、货车箱 等   家电:冰箱背板、煤气炉、空调机、电子微波炉、LCD边框、CRT防爆带、LED背光源、电气柜等   农用:猪舍、鸡舍、粮仓、温室用管道等   其它:断热保温盖、热交换器、干燥器、温水器等使用注意事项  保管:应该库房等室内保管,保持干燥通风,勿在酸性气候中久置。室外保管时需防止淋雨,避免结露造成氧化色斑产生。   运输:避免外部撞击,运输工具上需用SKID承托钢卷,减少堆垛,做好防雨措施。   加工:COILCENTER剪切加工时,需使用铝板相同润滑油。需钻孔或切割镀铝锌钢板时,需及时清除散落的铁屑。镀铝锌钢板常用后处理  DRY 干燥   OIL 涂油   Chromate 铬酸钝化   AFP/Galva clean 耐指纹   Non-Gr,Gr-free 无镉耐指纹        以上是镀铝锌钢板的介绍,更多信息请详见上海 有色金属 网。